Army History

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jmgerot
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25432
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Army History
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2010-07-01 04:57:57
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Army History
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Army Board Study Guide Questions
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  1. What date was the Army flag dedicated?
    14 June 1956 (it was approved 12 June 1956)
  2. What is the oldest part of our Army?
    The Army National Guard (In December 1636, the Massachusetts Bay Colony organized America's first militia regiments, some of which still serve today in the Army National Guard.)
  3. When did the US Army begin?
    June 14, 1775
  4. Who was the first commander in Chief of the Continental Army?
    George Washington
  5. When was the start of the Revolutionary War?
    19 April, 1775
  6. What was the Declaration of Independence signed?
    July 04, 1776
  7. The Army received it's first real training from what former Prussian Officer at Valley Forge in the winter of 1778?
    Baron Fredreich von Steuben
  8. What did Baron Fredriech von Steuben teach the Continental Army at Valley Forge?
    • He taught the Continental Army:
    • -A simplified but effective version of the drill formations and movements of European armies.
    • -Proper care of equipment.
    • -The use of the bayonet (a weapon in which British superiority had previously been marked).
    • -He impressed upon officers their responsibility for taking care of the soldier.
    • -Taught NCOs how to train and lead those soldier.
  9. What is the name of the document that originally governed the United States and was later replaced by the "Constitution"?
    The Articles of Confederation
  10. The nation nearly doubled in 1803 when it purchased a huge expanse of territory from France in what became known as what?
    The Louisiana Purchase
  11. Who was one of the most prolific writers of the early 19th century and would be the author of "The Army Regulations of 1821", the first written regulation by the Army since the publication of Baron von Steuben's "Blue Book"?
    General Winfield Scott
  12. What were some of the areas covered in "The Army Regulation of 1821"?
    • -The Hand Salute
    • -How to conduct a march
    • -How to make a good stew for the company
  13. What is the bloodiest war in American history?
    The Civil War with the death of over 600,000 Americans on both sides.
  14. When and where did the Civil War actually begin?
    The Civil War began in April of 1861 when South Carolina militia forces fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor.
  15. The Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run showed the need for more what?
    More thorough preparation and for more soldiers.
  16. President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation on 22 September 1862 freed the slaves in any areas still under Confederate control as of what date?
    01 January 1863
  17. Congress authorized the creation of the Medal of Honor on what date?
    12 July 1862
  18. Who received the first Medal of Honor ever awarded?
    Private Jacob Parrott, Company K, 33rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry on 25 March 1863
  19. The Battle of Gettysburg started on what date?
    01 July 1863
  20. General Lee surrendered his Army on what date, marking the end of the Civil War?
    09 April 1865
  21. Who was the only female to receive the Medal of Honor?
    Dr. Mary E. Walker
  22. Congress declared war on Spain on what date?
    25 April 1898
  23. When did World War I begin?
    August 1914
  24. What event sparked the start of World War I?
    A Bosnian separatist murdered the Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife during a visit to Sarajevo.
  25. On 23 February 1917 the British turned over to the US Government an intercepted note from the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico. In the note were instructions to offer Mexico an alliance in the event of war with the United States and promising that Mexico could regain what?
    Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.
  26. On what date did President Wilson ask Congress to declare war on Germany?
    02 April 1917
  27. The Armistice ended the fighting at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918. Known for many years as Armistice Day, what is it now called in the United States?
    Veteran's Day
  28. One result of WWI was the creation of what International body roughly similar to the United Nations of today?
    The League of Nations (it was envisioned as a forum where disputes could be settled peacefully)
  29. National Defense Act of June 4, 1920 governed the organization and regulation of what until 1950?
    The Army
  30. On what date did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?
    07 December 1941
  31. The Women's Army Corps was created in what year?
    1943
  32. When was D-Day?
    06 June 1944
  33. Just after dawn on D-day, the 1st, 4th, and 29th Infantry Divisions assaulted what beaches?
    Utah and Omaha
  34. President Truman authorized the use of two atomic bombs against Japan, destroying Hiroshima and Nagasaki on what dates?
    • Hiroshima - 06 August 1945
    • Nagasaki - 09 August 1945
  35. The National Security Act of 1947 was a sweeping reorganization of the US military. What did it establish?
    • -Department of Defense
    • -Army
    • -Navy
    • -Air Force
  36. What year marked the start of the Korean War?
    1950
  37. In early of what year did President Johnson begin a process of escalation that put 184,000 American troops in South Vietnam by year's end?
    1965
  38. What is the longest war in US History?
    The Vietnam War
  39. After a US Marine was shot in 1989 in Panama, what Operation was launched?
    Operation Just Cause
  40. General H. Norman Schwarzkopf and his Saudi counterpart sent their multinational ground forces across the border into Iraq in late February of what year?
    1991
  41. On what date did the United States enormous support from the global community, respond to the attacks on September 11th, 2001 with attacks on the al-Qaeda network and the Taliban-controlled government of Afghanistan that was supporting it?
    07 October 2001
  42. With a coalition that included Great Britain, Australia, Poland and 44 other nations, the United States began offensive military operations to remove Saddam Hussein from power and liberate Iraq on what date?
    20 March 2003
  43. When was Saddam Hussein captured?
    13 December 2003

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