History CLEP II Lecture - WWI
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What were 5 long term causes of WWI?
- 1. Rise of Germany/Italy(competition)
- 2. Imperialism
- 3. Arms Race
- 4. Alliance System
- 5. Nationalism
What was the spark that started WWI?
The assassination of archduke Franz Ferdinand
At the beginning of WWI who led the allies?
Great Britain, France, and Russia
Who were the leaders of the Central Powers?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Who was the president from 1913-1921, during WWI?
What was Wilson's stance for the US from the beginning of WWI?
What were the 2 major events that got the US involved in WWI?
- 1. German submarine warfare
- 2. Zimmerman telegram
What ship was torpedoed in 1915 killing 1200 people 126 of them Americans?
What kept the Americans from joining the war after the sinking of the Lusitania?
Germans promised to stop unrestricted submarine warfare.
What were the 3 main points in the Zimmerman telegram?
- 1. Mexico should attack the US
- 2. Germany would help them defeat the US
- 3. Mexico would recapture land it lost to the US
Why did the US join the Allies in 1917?
Germans declared they would resume unrestricted submarine warfare
Who led the over 2 million troops in the European theater?
When was the cease fire that ended WWI?
November 11, 1918
What effect did the war have on the government?
It became more powerful and larger
How many troops were in the standing US army at the beginning of WWI?
When and why did the Selective Service draft go into effect?
1917 because the standing army was to small to fight a European war
Who was eligible for the draft and how were they chosen?
All males age 18-45 were eligible and were chosen by a lottery system. 1 in 5 draftees were foreign born
What was the estimated cost of WWI?
Who was the Secretary of Treasury that raised all the money to pay for the war?
What were the two main ways that Secretary of Treasury McAdo raised the money to support the war effort?
- 1. Income tax was raised, the top tax was 63%
- 2. War bonds were sold, 2/3's of funds were borrowed
Who headed and established the Committee for public information in 1917?
What was the purpose of the Committee for Public Information?
It was a government sponsored propaganda agency designed to promote support for American involvement in the war
WWI had what impact on both the industrial and agricultural economy?
Both economies boomed
During the war this "Great Migration" referred to what?
The migration of 500,000 blacks to the north in search of jobs
Race riots like the one in East St. Louis, IL were caused by what event?
The "great migration" of blacks to the North during WWI in search of jobs
About what number of women served overseas for the navy? How many worked in factories during the war?
11,000 and over 1 million
Who was the head of the Food Administration of the war?
Instead of rationing food the Food Administration headed by Herbert Hoover took what action to encourage the conserving of food?
Used slogans like "meatless Mondays" or sent out information encourage and teaching how to raise you own garden
Why did the 18th amendment finally get the push it needed to pass in 1917?
Prohibitionist pointed to all the German names of brewers and insinuated a conspiracy of German's using alcohol to undermine the US war effort
The 18th amendment was passed in 1917, when did it go into effect?
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