What action by Germany on September 1, 1939 prompted France and Britain to declare war on Germany?
Germany invaded Poland
What left the British to fight the war against Germany in 1940 by themselves?
France fell to the Germans
What was the Americans opinion of their involvement on the war in the late '30s?
That they should remain neutral
When was the first peacetime draft implemented?
In March 1941 what provided the president the authority to lend or lease supplies to any nation deemed vital to the defense of the U.S.?
What was the U.S.'s response to Japan occupying Manchuria and French Indochina(Vietnam)?
They froze Japanese assets and cut off all trade including fuel
What was the significance of Japan occupying Manchuria and French Indochina (Vietnam)?
It was to ensure the supply of raw materials used for war making
When did the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor occur?
What were the casualties of the bombing at Pearl Harbor?
19 ships sank, 350 planes destroyed, over 2400 dead
Despite all the loses at Pearl Harbor what were some unexpected positives that came from it?
1. 3 carriers were out for maneuvers and avoided being destroyed
2. It unified Americans against the Axis powers
What was Churchill's plan of attack on the European war front?
Attack the "Soft Underbelly" which meant come up from South Italy
What was Joseph Stalin's goal for the war in Europe?
He wanted another front formed in the war because the Russians were losing more troops and civilians than the other countries
What was FDR's primary goal after entering the war?
He wanted to defeat the Germans first since they were the more serious threat to the world.
What was the turning point (battle Aug42 - Jan43) of the war in Europe?
Battle of Stalingrad
This was one of the bloodiest battles of the war that was fought by the Russians against the Germans where the Russians lost more troops in this one battle than the Americans lost in the entire war. Despite their loses the Russians still made the Germans retreat.
Battle of Stalingrad
What refers to an allied invasion of Western France on June 6, 1944 led by Eisenhower and involved over 200,000 allied troops, 11,000 aircraft, and 4,000 vessels. After 6 weeks a million more troops arrived.
What was the significance of D-Day relative to Joseph Stalin's goals upon joining the war?
He wanted another front of the war and D-Day created that
What German offensive December 1944 - January 1945 was meant to disrupt Allied supply lines going through Belgium?
Battle of the Bulge
At the Battle of the Bulge (Dec44-Jan45) German achieved early success but eventually the tide turned and they had to retreat. What was the feeling of how the war was going after this battle?
That fighting in Europe was slowing down and the Allies were close to an end of the war
What were the four major results of the Yalta conference of February 1945?
1. Free elections would be held in Poland
2. Germany would be occupied by the Allies
3. USSR reaffirmed joining the war against Japan
4. Allied powers would participate in the U.N.
When did Germany surrender?
May 8, 1945
U.S. strategy to win the war in the Pacific was called "Island Hopping" what did this strategy involve?
Starting from Pearl Harbor the U.S. went island to island setting up bases until they got closer and closer to Japan
What was the turning point of the Pacific war it was a battle that occurred in June 1942?
The victory at Midway was aided by what action from the U.S. Signal Corps?
They broke the Japanese code
What resulted in the March of 1945 death of 80,000 Japanese and the destruction of over 200,000 Japanese buildings?
The Tokyo Firebombing
What battle (April45-June45) which resulted in the death of 12,000 U.S. troops and 40,000 wounded. Despite U.S. large U.S. losses those of Japan were much worse to the tune of 110,000 dead and 80,000 civilians dead or wounded?
When did FDR die?
April 12, 1945
Who took office upon the death of FDR?
What was the name of the project that secretly employed 120,000 and cost over $2 billion with the purpose of developing an atomic bomb?
The Manhattan Project
What led Truman to warn the Japanese to surrender or face utter destruction?
A successful atomic bomb test in July of 1945
What factor led to dropping the atomic bomb on the Japanese?
Japanese reluctance to surrender and the fact that a U.S. invasion would result in an extremely large amount of U.S. casualties
Where was the atomic bomb dropped on 8-6-45 killing 100,000 immediately and up to 100,000 later from burns and radiation exposure?
Where was the atomic bomb dropped on 8-9-45 killing 60,000 immediately and thousands more later?
When did Japan surrender a effectively bring WWII to an end?
8-14-45 barely a week after the first atomic bomb
What 2 ways did the US finance WWII?
1. War bonds (borrowed from citizens)
2. Revenue Act of 1942
What WWII act instituted withholding taxes from weekly checks and increased tax rates across the board?
The Revenue Act of 1942
In result of this act the government generated 20 times the revenue in 1945 than in 1940.
The Revenue Act of 1942
Who headed the War Productions Board?
Don Nelson (Former head of Sears-Roebuck)
What agency oversaw the conversion of the civilian economy into one that would produce military supplies?
War Production Board WPB
What agency was in charge of rationing and also established price controls to protect from inflation?
Office of Price Administration OPA
What agency set a national speed limit of 35MPH to conserve the use of fuel?
What agency used the slogan "Use it up, wear it out, make it do, or do without" to encourage convervation?
What agency was established to promote patriotism and influence public opinion?
The Office of Censorship
What effect did WWII have on worker's wages and unemployment?
Wages on average doubled and unemployment was almost non-existent
How did WWII effect migration?
Many people migrated to the states that had defense contracts to get jobs. The major states were California, Washington, and Michigan
About how many women entered the workforce from 41-45?
What were 3 major impacts of the war on family life?
1. Increase in marriages and divorces
2. Increase in high school dropouts
3. Increase in juvenile delinquency
What were the "codetalkers" of WWII?
Navajo Indians who used their native language to communicate between American interest's during the war. The Axis powers never broke their code
During WWII why did many Indians leave reservations for the first time?
To work in defense plants
What created some of the major race riots during WWII including Detroit were 25 blacks were killed and 9 whites were also killed?
The influx of blacks to large northern cities for employment opportunities raised racial tensions in those cities
What was the agreement with Mexico for the temporary importation of Mexican Laborers during the war?
What did Executive Order 9066 call for?
Relocation of Japanese living in the US to internment camps that were usually located in the rural areas of the western US
Despite being place in internment camps 18,000 Japanese fought in the war mostly in the most decorated unit of WWII. Which unit was it?
442nd combat team
What was the Supreme court case that held up Executive order 9066 that called for the relocation of Japanese in US to internment camps?