PHYS MOTIVATION

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Anonymous
ID:
25470
Filename:
PHYS MOTIVATION
Updated:
2010-07-01 17:11:49
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phyc
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Motivation slides
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  1. What is Motivation?
    • —is a need
    • or desire that energizes behavior
    • and directs it towards a goal.
  2. Four perspectives to
    explain motivation include the following:

    • 1.Instinct Theory
    • 2.Drive-Reduction Theory
    • 3.Arousal Theory
    • 4.Hierarchy of Motives
  3. what is instinct?
    • a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a
    • species and is unlearned
  4. When the instinct theory of motivation failed it was replaced by the drive-reduction theory. which is...

    A physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need (Hull, 1951).
  5. The physiological aim of drive reduction is ____, the
    maintenance of a steady internal state (e.g., maintenance of steady body
    temperature).

    homeostasis
  6. Where our needs push, _____
    (positive or negative stimuli)
    pull us in reducing our
    drives.

    incentives
  7. What is the incentive in this example?


    A food-deprived
    person who smells baking
    bread feels a strong
    hunger drive
    .

    the smell of baking bread
  8. Explain the Arousel Theory

    Human motivation aims to seek optimum levels of arousal, not to eliminate it. Young monkeys and children are known to explore the environment in the absence of a need-based drive.

  9. Hierarchy of Needs is
    • Abraham Maslow (1970) suggested that certain needs have priority over others. Physiological needs like breathing, thirst, and hunger come before psychological needs such as achievement, self-esteem, and the need for recognition.

  10. Moslow's Need's chart

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