Four perspectives to
explain motivation include the following:
When the instinct theory of motivation failed it was replaced by the drive-reduction theory. which is...
The physiological aim of drive reduction is ____, the
maintenance of a steady internal state (e.g., maintenance of steady body
Where our needs push, _____
(positive or negative stimuli) pull us in reducing our
person who smells baking bread feels a strong
Human motivation aims to seek optimum levels of arousal, not to eliminate it. Young monkeys and children are known to explore the environment in the absence of a need-based drive.
Abraham Maslow (1970) suggested that certain needs have priority over others. Physiological needs like breathing, thirst, and hunger come before psychological needs such as achievement, self-esteem, and the need for recognition.