Psych Ch 2.txt

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Author:
jacque
ID:
254743
Filename:
Psych Ch 2.txt
Updated:
2014-01-01 18:07:07
Tags:
biology
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Description:
vocab
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  1. Aphasia
    Language impairment
  2. Broca's area
    • Fluent speech, motor speech
    • In left frontal lobe
  3. Angular gyrus
    • Transforms visual to audio
    • Both sides of parietal lobe
  4. Visual cortex
    • Receives visual info
    • Corner of occipital lobe
  5. Wernicke's area
    • Auditory, comprehension
    • Left of temporal lobe
  6. Motor cortex
    • By central fissure
    • Frontal lobe
  7. Sensory cortex
    • By central fissure
    • Parietal lobe
  8. Left hemisphere
    • Language
    • Verbal
    • Reasoning
    • Planning
  9. Right hemisphere
    • Copying drawings
    • Global picture
    • Recognizing faces
    • Perceiving differences
    • Perceiving emotions
    • Melodies
    • Modulates different ways of saying something
  10. Biological psychology
    Branch concerning biology and behavior
  11. Neuron
    • Nerve cell
    • Basic building block
  12. Dendrite
    Branches that receive msgs and take to cell body
  13. Axon
    Extensions of neuron, msgs to other neurons/muscles/glands
  14. Myelin sheath
    • Fatty tissue speeds up impulses
    • Encases fibers
  15. Action potential
    • Neural impulse down an axon
    • Generated by movement IDF positively charged atoms in and out of axon membrane
  16. Threshold
    Level of stimulation required to trigger a neutral impulse
  17. Medulla
    • Base of brainstem
    • Heartbeat and breathing
  18. Brain stem
    • Primal needs
    • Where spine swells as it enters skull
  19. Reticular formation
    • Arousal
    • Brain stem
  20. Thalamus
    • Sensory switchboard
    • Top of brain stem
    • Msgs to sensory cortex
    • Msgs back to cerebellum and medulla
  21. Cerebellum
    • Voluntary movement
    • Balance
  22. Limbic system
    • Emotions
    • Hippocampus
    • Amygdala
    • Hypothalamus
  23. Hypothalamus
    • Eating, drinking
    • Homeostasis, endocrine
    • Controls pituitary
  24. Amygdala
    Aggression, fear
  25. Hippocampus
    New memories
  26. Cerebral cortex
    • Intricate fabric of neural cells that covers both hemispheres
    • Ultimate control and info processing center
  27. Glial cells
    Nanny cells for neurons
  28. Corpus callosum
    Axon fibers connecting two hemispheres
  29. Split brain
    Hemispheres isolated

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