Psych Vocab Ch 18.txt

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Author:
jacque
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254744
Filename:
Psych Vocab Ch 18.txt
Updated:
2014-01-01 18:06:45
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social psychology
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social psychology
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  1. The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another
    Social psychology
  2. Attribution theory The theory that we tend to give a causal explanation for someone's behavior, often by crediting either the situation or the person's disposition
    Attribution theory
  3. Tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior, to overestimate the disposition and underestimate the situation
    Fundamental attribution error
  4. A belief and feeling that predisposes one to respond in a particular way to objects, people and events
    Attitude
  5. The tendency for people who have agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request (small -> big, consistency)
    Foot-in-door phenomenon
  6. We act to reduce the discomfort we feel when two of our thoughts are inconsistent. When our actions and attitudes clash, we reduce the resulting dissonance by changing our attitudes
    Cognitive dissonance theory
  7. Adjusting behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard
    Conformity
  8. Influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval
    Normative social influence
  9. Influence resulting from one's willingness to accept others' opinions about reality
    Informational social influence
  10. The tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts toward attaining a common goal than when individually accountable
    Social loafing
  11. The loss of self-awareness and self-restraint occurring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity
    Deindividualism
  12. The enhancement of a group's prevailing attitudes through discussion within the group
    Group polarization
  13. The mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives
    Groupthink

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