Psych Vocab Prologue & Ch 1.txt

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Author:
jacque
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254745
Filename:
Psych Vocab Prologue & Ch 1.txt
Updated:
2014-01-01 18:08:41
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basics
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intro
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    • author "me"
    • tags ""
    • description ""
    • fileName "Psych Vocab Prologue & Ch 1"
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    • Knowledge from experience
    • Empiricism
  1. School of psych - introspection - structure of human mind
    Structuralism
  2. School of psych - how mental and behavioral processes function and allow organism to adapt, survive, flourish
    Functionalism
  3. Science of behavior and mental processes
    Psychology
  4. Pure science that aims to increase scientific knowledge base
    Basic research
  5. Scientific study that aims to solve specific problems
    Applied research
  6. Branch of psych - studies, assesses, treats disorders
    Clinical psychology
  7. Branch of medicine - practiced by physicians who provide medical treatments and psychological therapy
    Psychiatry
  8. I knew it all along
    Hindsight bias
  9. Explanation using integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts observations
    Theory
  10. Testable prediction
    Hypothesis
  11. Statement of procedure, defines research variables
    Operational definition
  12. One person studied in depth in hope of revealing universal principles
    Case study
  13. Questioning representative, random sample to know attitudes and behaviors
    Survey
  14. Overestimating number of people who agree with you
    False consensus effect
  15. All cases in a group
    Population
  16. Sample in which each member has equal opportunity of inclusion
    Random sample
  17. Observing behavior in natural situations
    Naturalistic observation
  18. Statistical measure of the relationship between two variables
    Correlation
  19. Scatterplot
  20. Nature-nurture issue
  21. Natural selection
  22. Critical thinking
  23. Replication
  24. Illusory correlation
  25. Research method - manipulate factors - observe effect on mental processes. Random assignment odd participants controls other factors
    Experiment
  26. Experimental procedure - both participants and investigators are blind to who received treatment and placebo
    Double blind procedure
  27. Results caused by expectations alone
    Placebo effect
  28. Condition of experiment that exposes participants to treatment (independent variable)
    Experimental condition
  29. Condition of experiment that serves as comparison
    Control condition
  30. Random assignment
  31. Variable being manipulated, effect of this variable is being studied
    Independent variable
  32. Experimental factor being measured, changes in response to variable being manipulated
    Dependent variable
  33. Mean
  34. Median
  35. Mode
  36. Range
  37. Standard deviation
  38. Statistical results that are consistent and obvious (ie. in their difference) have
    Statistical significance

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