Card Set Information
Learn About the United States
What is the supreme law of the land?
What does the constitution do?
Defines the government
The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the constitution. What are those words?
We the people
What is an amendment?
A change to the constitution
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
The bill of rights
What is one right of freedom from the First Amendment?
Speech, religion, press
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
Declared our independence from Great Britain
What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
Life & liberty
What is freedom of religion?
You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
What is the economic system in the United States?
What is the "rule of law"?
No one is above the law.
Name one branch or part of the government.
Exeutive, legislative & judicial.
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
Separation of powers.
Who is in charge of the executive branch?
Who makes federal laws?
What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
The Senate and the House of representatives.
How many U.S. Senators are there?
One hundred (100)
We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
Who is one of your state's U.S. Senators now?
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
Four hundred thirty five (435)
We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
Name your U.S. Representative?
: John D. Dingell
: Kerry L. Betivolio
Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
All people of the state.
Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
Because they have more people.
We elect a President for how many years?
In what month do we vote for President?
What is the name of the President of the United States now?
What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
The Vice President.
If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
The Speaker of the House.
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
Who signs bills to become laws?
Who vetoes bills?
What does the President's Cabinet do?
Advises the President.
What are two Cabinet-level positions?
Secretary of Agriculture. Secretary of Commerce. Secretary of Defense. Secretary of Education.
What does the judicial branch do?
Reviwes laws. Explains laws.
What is the highest court in the United States?
The Supreme Court.
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of federal government?
To print money. To declare war. To create an army.
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
Provide schooling and education. Provide protection (police). Provide safety (fire departments)
Who is the Governor of your state now?
What is the capital of your state?
What are the two major political parties in the United States?
Democratic and Republican.
What is the political party of the President now?
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
Citizens eighteen and older can vote.
What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
Serve on a jury / vote in a federal election.
Name one right only for United States citizens.
Vote in a federal election / run for federal office.
What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
Freedom of expression. Freedom of speech. Freedom of assembly.
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiancy?
The Inited States / The flag.
How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
Eighteen and older.
What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
Give up loyalty to other countries. Obey the laws of the United States. Be loyal to the United States.
What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
Vote. Join a political party.
When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
When must all men register for the Selective Service?
At age eighteen.
What is one reason colonists came to America?
Freedom. Political liberty. Religious freedom.
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
People from Africa.
Why did the colonists fight the British?
Because of high taxes. Because they didn't have self-government.
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
When was the Declatation of Independence adopted?
July 4, 1776.
What happened at the Constitutional convention?
The Constitution was written.
When was the Constitution written?
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
James Madison. Alexander Hamilton.
What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
Started the first free libraries. U.S. diplomat.
There were 13 original states. Name three.
New York. North Carolina. South Carolina. New Jersey.Virginia.
Who is the "Father of Our Country"?
Who was the first President?
What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
Mexican-American war. Civil war. War of 1812.
Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
The Civil War.
Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
Slavery. Economic reasons. State's rights.
What was one important thing that Abraham LIncoln did?
Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation).
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
Freed the slaves.
What dis Susan B. Anthony do?
Fought for women's rights.
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
World War I. World War II. Koren war. Vietnam War. Persian War.
Who was President during World War I?
Who was the President during the Great Depression and World War II?
Who did the U.S. fight in the World War II?
Japan, Germany, and Italy.
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
World War II.
During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the U.S.?
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
Civil rights movement.
What did Martin Luther King Jr. do?
Fought for Civil rights.
What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the U.S.?
Terrorists attacked the U.S.
Name one American Indian tribe in the U.S.
Cherokee. Cheyenne. Apache. Sioux.
Name one of the two longest rivers in the U.S.
Missouri River. Mississippi River.
What ocean is in the West Coast of the U.S.?
What ocean is in the East Coast of the U.S.?
Name one U.S. territory.
Puerto Rico. U.S. Virginian Islands. Northern Mariana Islands.
Name one state that borders Canada.
Michigan. New York. Ohio.
Name one state that borders Mexico.
California. New Mexico. Texas.
What is the capital of the U.S.?
Where is the Statue of Liberty?
New York harbor.
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
Because there were 13 original colonies.
Why does the flag have 50 stars?
Because there is one star for each state.
What is the name of the national anthem?
The Star-Spangled Banner.
When do we celebrate Independence Day?
Name two national U.S. holidays.
Independence Day. Labor Day. Thanksgiving. Veternans Day.