Self Report Studies

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Author:
camturnbull
ID:
254787
Filename:
Self Report Studies
Updated:
2014-01-02 07:06:22
Tags:
Psychology Criminology camturnbull
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Description:
AQA PSYB3 Psychology Criminology
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  1. Name two ways in which offenders participate self report studies
    • Questionnaires 
    • Interview 
    • (Both in confidence)
  2. Who are targeted in self report studies?
    Likely groups such as young adults or previous offenders
  3. Give one example of a self report study
    • The Offending Crime and Justice Survey (OCJS)
    • Targets antisocial behaviour and drug use
  4. Give one benefit to the amount of time examined by self report studies
    • The studies are longitudinal 
    • Allows police to see patterns over time
  5. Why is the collection of data likely to be valid?
    • Sensitive questions are answered in confidence using a computer
    • Participants are not put under pressure or fear being judged
  6. What does self report studies take into account that official stats does not?
    Many offenders commit several crimes
  7. How does a self report study provide useful information?
    • Indicates how many people were responsible
    • Indicates how many crimes were committed
  8. How are self report studies biased?
    Many of the items on the questionnaire are juvenile acts and thus shed little light on adult crime
  9. How is the selection process biased?
    Only certain ages and social groups are targeted  with many offenders not included (business executives in corporate crime)
  10. Why may the results be less than valid?
    • Criminals are not always honest, they could lie or make up crimes
    • Crimes may not be reported due to shame
    • Crimes may be exaggerated or multiplied in order to gain approval from peers

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