Card Set Information
Psychology Criminology camturnbull
AQA PSYB3 Psychology Criminology
How often do victimisation studies occur?
large is the typical sample group of victimisation studies and how are they chosen?
Over 10 years old
What are participants asked during victimisation studies?
'Have you, or anyone in your household, been a victim of crime in the last year?'
If the individually has been personally involved then further details are extracted
State one example of a well known victimisation Study
The British Crime Survey
What was the aim of the Kershaw, Chivite, Matthews, Thomas and Aust study of 2001?
Conducted the BCS in order to investigate the nature of crime and crime related issues for that year
To give alternate measurement of the prevalence of crime to that found by the police
What was the methodology of the Kershaw, Chivite, Matthews, Thomas and Aust study of 2001?
Approx 23,000 >16 years old from private households were interviewed
Asked about their experience of being a victim of crime in the previous year
What were the results of the Kershaw, Chivite, Matthews, Thomas and Aust study of 2001?
Showed a decrease in crimes such as household theft, violent crimes and burglary, and this was different than the figures recorded by the police
Fear of crime had decreased slightly from previous year, women feared rape whereas men feared vehicular theft
What can be concluded the Kershaw, Chivite, Matthews, Thomas and Aust study of 2001?
The higher number of crimes recorded by the police could have been due to the levels of crime reported to the police having increased
Could also be due to the recording practices employed
How are the surveys flexible?
Different questions can be asked such as the person's fear or attitude towards a crime
How are victimisation studies representative?
Large scale due to large sample size
Why are victimisation studies considered more accurate than official stats?
Participants unlikely to lie
Smaller, more trivial crimes are recorded
Why may victimisations not be reliable?
It relies on accurate recall of previous crimes
Individuals may experience memory decay and forget crimes that have occurred
What is telescoping?
The process of unintentionally bringing forward crimes that occurred outside the sample period
Occurs if the trauma is still fresh in the mind
Inflates crime figures
Also occurs when the incident is pushed back in time to outside the sample period
How do victimisation studies under represent the true extent of crime?
Does not contain victimless crimes such as tax evasion or corporate crime