Victimisation Studies

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Victimisation Studies
2014-01-02 07:51:38
Psychology Criminology camturnbull

AQA PSYB3 Psychology Criminology
Show Answers:

  1. How often do victimisation studies occur?
  2. How large is the typical sample group of victimisation studies and how are they chosen?
    • 50,000 people
    • Over 10 years old
    • Chosen randomly
  3. What are participants asked during victimisation studies?
    • 'Have you, or anyone in your household, been a victim of crime in the last year?'
    • If the individually has been personally involved then further details are extracted
  4. State one example of a well known victimisation Study
    The British Crime Survey
  5. What was the aim of the Kershaw, Chivite, Matthews, Thomas and Aust study of 2001?
    • Conducted the BCS in order to investigate the nature of crime and crime related issues for that year
    • To give alternate measurement of the prevalence of crime to that found by the police
  6. What was the methodology of the Kershaw, Chivite, Matthews, Thomas and Aust study of 2001?
    • Approx 23,000 >16 years old from private households were interviewed 
    • Asked about their experience of being a victim of crime in the previous year
  7. What were the results of the Kershaw, Chivite, Matthews, Thomas and Aust study of 2001?
    • Showed a decrease in crimes such as household theft, violent crimes and burglary, and this was different than the figures recorded by the police
    • Fear of crime had decreased slightly from previous year, women feared rape whereas men feared vehicular theft
  8. What can be concluded the Kershaw, Chivite, Matthews, Thomas and Aust study of 2001?
    • The higher number of crimes recorded by the police could have been due to the levels of crime reported to the police having increased 
    • Could also be due to the recording practices employed
  9. How are the surveys flexible?
    Different questions can be asked such as the person's fear or attitude towards a crime
  10. How are victimisation studies representative?
    • Large scale due to large sample size
    • Randomly selected
  11. Why are victimisation studies considered more accurate than official stats?
    • Participants unlikely to lie
    • Smaller, more trivial crimes are recorded
  12. Why may victimisations not be reliable?
    • It relies on accurate recall of previous crimes
    • Individuals may experience memory decay and forget crimes that have occurred
  13. What is telescoping?
    • The process of unintentionally bringing forward crimes that occurred outside the sample period
    • Occurs if the trauma is still fresh in the mind
    • Inflates crime figures 
    • Also occurs when the incident is pushed back in time to outside the sample period
  14. How do victimisation studies under represent the true extent of crime?
    Does not contain victimless crimes such as tax evasion or corporate crime