Ch 35 Vocab

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Ch 35 Vocab
2010-07-01 19:11:05
Female repro

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  1. amenorrhea
    an absence of menstruation
  2. anteflexed
    refers to the position of the uterus when the uterus is tipped slightly foward so that the cervix forms a 90 degree angle or less with the vaginal canal; most common uterine position
  3. broad ligament
    a broad fold of peritoneum draped over the fallopian tubes, uterus, and the ovaries; extends from the sides of the uterus to the sidewalks of the pelvis, dividing the pelvis from side to side and creating the vesicouterine pouch anterior to the uterus and the rectouterine pouch posteriorly; it is divided into the mesometrium, mesosalpinx,and mesoovarium
  4. cardinal ligament
    wide bands of fibromuscular tissue arising from the lateral aspects of the cervix and inserting along the lateral pelvic floor; a continuation of the broad ligament that provides rigid support for the cervix ; also called the transverse cervical ligaments
  5. coccygeus muscles
    one of two muscles in the pelvic diaphram; located on the posterior pelvic floor where it supports the coccyx
  6. corpus luteum
    an anatomic structure on the surface of the ovary, consisting of a spheroid of yellowish tissue that grows within the ruptured ovarian follicle after ovulation; acts as a short lived edocrine organ that secretes progesterone to maintain the decidual layer of the endometrium should conception occur
  7. dysmenorrhea
    pain assosiated with menstruation
  8. estrogen
    a serodial hormone secreted by the theca interna and granulosa cells of the ovarian follicle that stimulates the development of the female reproductive stuctures and secondary sexual characteristics; promotes the growth of the endometrial tissue during the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle
  9. false pelvis
    portion of the pelvis found above the brim; that portion of the abdominal cavity cradled by the iliac fossae; also called the greater or major pelvis
  10. follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the growth and maturation of graafian follicles in the ovary
  11. gonadotropin
    a hormonal substance that function of the testes and the ovaries; in the female, FSH and LH are gonadotropins
  12. gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
    a hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that stumilates the release of the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and lutenizing hormone(LH) by the anterior pituitary gland
  13. iliacus muscle
    paired triangular, flat muscles that cover the inner curved surface of the iliac fossae; arise from the iliac fossae and join the psoas major muscles to form the lateral walls of the pelvis
  14. iliopectineal line
    a bony ridge on the inner surface of the ilium curved surface of the ilium and pubic bone that divides the true and false pelves; also called the pelvic brim or linea terminalis
  15. levator ani
    one of two muscles of the pelvic diaphram that stretch across the floor of the plevic cavity like a hammock, supporting the pelvic organs and surrounding the urethra, vagina ans rectum; a broad thin muscle that consists of the pubococcygeus, iliococcygeus, and puborectalis
  16. lutenizing hormone (LH)
    a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates ovulation and then induces lutienization of the ruptured follicle to form the corpus luteum
  17. menarche
    refers to the onset of menstruation and the commencement of cyclic mentrual function; usually occurs btw 11 ans 13 years of age
  18. menopause
    refers to the cessation of menstruation
  19. menorrhagia
    abnormally heavy or long periods
  20. menses
    the periodic flow of blood and cellular debris that occurs during menstruation
  21. mesometrium
    the portion of the broas ligament below the mesovarium, composed of the layers of peritoneum that seperate to enclose the uterus
  22. mesosalpinx
    the upper portion of the broad ligament that encloses the fallopian tubes
  23. meosvarium
    ther posterior portion of the broad ligament that is drawn out to enclose and hold the ovary in place
  24. abturator internus muscle
    a triangular sheet of muscle that arises from the anterolateral pelvic wall and surrounds the obturator foramen; passes through the lesser sciatic foramen and inserts into the medial aspect of the greater trochanter of the femur; serves to rotate and abduct the thigh
  25. oligomenorrhea
    abnormally light menstrual periods
  26. oocyte
    an incompletely developed or immature ovum
  27. ovarian ligament
    a paired ligament that extends from the inferior/medial pole of the ovary to the uterine cornua; also called the utero-ovarian ligament
  28. ovum
    the female egg; a secondary oocyte released from the ovary at ovulation
  29. perimetrium
    a serous membrane enveloping the uterus; also called the serosa
  30. piriformis muscle
    a flat. pyramidal muscle arising from the anterior sacrum; passing through the greater sciatic notch to insert into the superior aspect of the greater trochanter of the femur; serves to rotate and abduct the thigh
  31. polymenorrhea
    an abnormally frequent recurrence of the menstrual cycle; a menstrual cycle of less than 21 days