chapter 53 and chapter 54 dental implants

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Anonymous
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254899
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chapter 53 and chapter 54 dental implants
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2014-01-02 15:54:08
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dental implants
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final chapter 53-54
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  1. Dental Implants
    Provide natural looking and functional replacement for missing teeth

    Used to attach artificial teeth to anchors that have been surgically embedded into the bone

    a permanent replacement of one tooth or multiple teeth with a fixture and an abutment that are anchored into the bone or surrounding structure for the purpose of supporting a denture, bridge, or single tooth

    can take 3 to 9 months to complete.

    implants involves both surgery and placement of the prosthesis

    can have success rate greater than 90 percent

    Implants can last as long as 20 years and in some cases last a lifetime

  2. Dental Specialist that can perform Implants are:
    oral and maxillofacial surgeon

    periodontist

    prosthodontist

    implantologist (general dentist with specialized training)
  3. Indications for dental implants:
    To replace one or more teeth as single units without affecting adjoining teeth

    to support a bridge and eliminate the need for a removable partial denture

    to provide support for a denture, making it more secure and comfortable

    to prevent bone loss and gum recession that often accompany bridgework and dentures

    to enhance the patients confidence in smiling and speaking

    to improve the patients overall psychological health

    to improve the esthetic appearance of the patients teeth and mouth
  4. contraindications
    financial investment

    treatment can take several months or longer to complete

    as with any surgical procedure, implants convey a risk of infection and other complications

    an implant maybe loosen, requiring replacement

    emotionally

    bruxism is a significant  component of failed  implants.
  5. Medical conditions that may contraindicate implants
    Diseases of the cardiovascular, respiratory and gastrointestinal systems

    A seriously  compromised immune system

    Chronic conditions that impede healing ( diabetes )

    • chemotherapy treatment for cancer
  6. Purpose of medical history and evaluation
    to assess any existing medical conditions that could worsen as a result of the stress of implants surgery
  7. Four types of extra-oral radiographs that are used by the dentist in evaluating the dental implant patient
    Periapical

    Panoramic

    Chephalometric

    Tomographics views

    These radiographs are useful for location the exact positions of anatomic structures such as the inferior alveolar nerve, mental foramen, maxillary sinus and nasal floor, as well as any abnormalities
  8. Surgical Stent
     A diagnostic cast is fabricated at the beginning of treatment to construct a surgical stent

    Is made from a clear acrylic resin and will be used as a guide or template that is positioned over the alveolar ridge to guide the proper angulation and axis for drilling into the bone and placing the implant screws in their proper position in bone

    most be sterile
  9. Informed Consent includes
    background information on implants

    complications of implant surgery

    prognosis

    time frame

    home care

    follow up appointments

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