SUFFIXES

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Author:
teriann
ID:
254939
Filename:
SUFFIXES
Updated:
2014-03-23 15:28:40
Tags:
suffix
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Description:
A&P suffixes
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  1. -cyte
    cell
  2. -itis
    inflammation of
  3. -osis
    condition
  4. -algia
    pain
  5. -scopy
    inspection of
  6. -plasty
    surgical repair
  7. -oxia
    oxygen
  8. -gram
    record
  9. -ologist
    one who studies
  10. -gen
    cause, formation
  11. -oma
    tumor
  12. -opsy
    view of
  13. -physis
    growth
  14. -osis
    abnormal condition
  15. -lysis
    to loosen or dissolve
  16. -acusis
    hearing condition
  17. -ism
    condition or disease
  18. -logist
    one who studies
  19. -phagia
    eating or swallowing
  20. -phonia
    sound or voice
  21. -ia
    diseased state
  22. -al
    pertaining to
  23. -crine
    to secrete
  24. -trophy
    growth, enlargement
  25. -megaly
    enlargement
  26. -ism
    condition or disease
  27. -ectomy
    surgical removal
  28. -oma
    tumor
  29. -osis
    condition of
  30. -al
    pertaining to
  31. GI:
    gastrointestinal
  32. NPO:
    nothing by mouth
  33. AAA
    abdominal aortic aneurysm
  34. LES
    lower esophageal sphincter
  35. AC

    *awaiting consumption*
    before eating, before meals
  36. PC

    *post consumption*
    after eating, after meals
  37. PUD
    peptic ulcer disease
  38. BE
    barium enema
  39. BM
    bowel movement
  40. MVI
    multivitamin
  41. Functions of the GI System:

    Main: break down food into molecules to be used by cells for nutrition and energy
    • * Ingestion
    • * Digestion
    • * Absorption
    • * Elimination
  42. The upper GI system:
    • * the oral cavity
    • * esphagus
    • * stomach
  43. Upper GI - the oral cavity
    • * mouth
    • * teeth
    • * tongue
    • * hard palate - anterior, separates oral and nasal
    • * soft palate - posterior, separates oral and nasal
    • * uvula - prevents food from entering nasal
    • * pharynx (throat) - transports bolus and fluids to esophagus
    • * epiglottis - covers the larynx during swallowing to prevent food from entering the trachea and bronchi
  44. The Upper GI -  Esophagus, sphincters, stomach
    • * Esophagus - carries bolus from pharynx to stomach
    • * Sphincters - regulate movement
    • * Stomach - bolus mixes with hycrochloric acid (HCI) and enzymes to form chyme
  45. The Lower GI System
    • * small intestine
    • * large intestine
  46. The Lower GI - small intestine
    • - 23ft long
    • - 3 sections: duodenum, jejunum, ileum
    • - lined with villi to increase absorption
    • - enzymes break down carbs, sugars, proteins and fats
  47. The Lower GI - large intestine
    • - 5ft in length
    • - Cecum: receives contents from small intestines through ileocecal valve
    • - Appendix
    • - 3 sections: ascending colon, transverse colon, and descending colon
    • - sigmoid colon: between descending and rectum
    • - Rectum: final section of large intestine, stores solid waste
    • - Anus: opening to eliminate solid waste
  48. Accessory Organs (exocrine glands) of Digestion
    • * Salivary Glands - saliva, ptyalin
    • * Liver - largest solid organ, produces protein to maintain blood volume and promote clotting, produces/secretes bile, stores fat soluble vitamins, detoxifies alcohol, drugs, toxins
    • * Gallbladder - stores bile until needed
    • * Pancreas - only gland with endocrine and exocrine functions; secretes digestive enzymes into small intestine
  49. Important Enzymes: speed up chemical reactions in the body
    • * Amylase (ptyalin) - starches to sugar - salivary glands, pancreas
    • * Pepsin - proteins to amino acids - stomach
    • * Maltase - maltose (from grains) to glucose and galactose - small intestines
    • * Lactase - lactose to glucose - small intestines
    • * Sucrase - sugars into glucose and fructose - small intestines
    • * Trypsin - proteins into amino acids - pancreas
    • * Lipase - fat for absorption - pancreas, salivary glands, stomach
  50. Dysphagia:
    difficulty swallowing
  51. Dyspepsia:
    upset stomach or stomach pain
  52. Emesis:
    vomiting
  53. Melena:
    abnornally dark colored stool that results from GI bleeding
  54. Ascites:
    Build up of fluids in the abdomina cavity
  55. -al
    pertaining to
  56. -pathy
    disease
  57. -itis
    inflammation
  58. -lysis
    loosen or dissolve
  59. -tripsy
    surgical crushing
  60. -uria
    urine
  61. -stenosis
    narrowing
  62. -osis
    condition of
  63. -ia
    diseased state
  64. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  65. -trophy
    growth
  66. -ism
    condition, disease
  67. -oxia
    oxygen
  68. -pnea
    breathing
  69. -ocia
    birth, labor

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