Western Civilization: the Civilization of Ancient Rome
Home > Preview
The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards.
Law of the Twelve Tables (or Twelve Tables of Rome)
the formal codification of Roman law. "innocent until proven guilty" was one of the laws then also international code for conquered territories
(106-43 BCE) One of the most influential Roman Stoics and orators and defender of republican virtues
The earliest inhabitants of the Italian peninsula. the non-Indo-European speaking settlers of the Italian peninsula, who dominated the region from the late Bronze Age until the rise of the Romans in sixth century.
Romans who chose a life of business over politics.
title given to Augustus; means "first man"
Roman general defeated Hannibal at Zama in 202 B.C.E
early Roman aristocracy; land-owning noblemen
the citizen population of Rome that included farmers, merchants, and the urban poor (all non-patrician free men)
a great maritime empire that stretched across the northern coast of Africa from modern-day Tunisia to the Straits of Gibraltar and bitterly fought against Rome in the Punic Wars that began in 264 B.C.E. and ended with the destruction of Carthage in 146 B.C.E.
Augustus (AKA Octavius)
(63 BCE-14 CE) grandnephew of Julius Caesar and first emperor of the Roman empire.Rome becomes capital of Western world. Augustus established rule of law, common coin, civil service, safe travel for merchants --> stable prosperity Pax Romana (arts flourish; Ovid's metamorphoses and Virgil's aeneid; pantheon colosseum, forum; Ptolemy)
(100-44 BCE) the Roman general who conquered the Gauls and expanded Rome's territory in Asia Minor (chose not to conquer Germany which later led to decline of Rome). After giths between Senate and Caesar's followers he won. He became the dictator of Rome n 46 B.C.E. and was murdered by Brutus and Cassius in 44 BCE, which led to the rise of Augustus and the end of the Roman republic.
the roman engineered system that brought water from the mountains down to the Roman cities.
the region of the Roman empire that is modern Belgium, Germany west of the Rhine, and France.
Gov't made up of Senate (patrician) and Assembly (first patrician then included plebians); two consuls elected by Assembly
(264 -146 BCE) Wars between Rome and Carthage (city-state in North Africa); made up of first, second, and third punic wars
Carthiginian general; led army to northern Italy and crossed Alps to surprise attack Romans during Second Punic War (218-201 BCE); however Roman army in North Africa forced Hannibal to retreat
Fall of Roman Republic
- 1. slaves displaced farmers overcrowding cities and jobs
- 2. Roman currency devalued causing inflation
- 3. Political leaders fighting --> first triumvirate
Pompey, Crassus, Julius Caesar
Octavius, Marc Antony, Lepidus
What would you like to do?
Home > Flashcards > Print Preview