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What operational requirements must be satisfied before takeoff?
(CA) Do not depart if the flight cannot be completed safely.
Do not exceed takeoff performance limits.
Takeoff is not authorized under the what weather and airfield lighting conditions?
Weather conditions are below FAA-established minima.
Wind limitations are exceeded.
Obs from the flt deck indicate that t/o cannot be made by following approved procedures.
During night operations, when the CA cannot ensure sufficient runway lighting exists to allow the takeoff to be completed safely.
Runway contamination limits are exceeded (e.g., water, slush, snow, braking action).
Greater than light freezing rain exists at the airport.
There are known or probable severe icing conditions. (No a/c will be dispatched when in the opinion of the CA and/or Dispatcher icing conditions exist or are anticipated that might adversely affect the safety of the flt. Flts may be dispatched into light to mod icing conditions only if all deicing equipment for the aircraft is in operable condition).
There is known or prob severe turbulence.
Frost, snow, or ice is adhering to the leading edge devices, any control surface, tab surface, upper wing surface, or winglets.
Are runway intersection takeoffs allowed?
- Runway intersection takeoffs are permitted if performance computation results in a stopping margin of 2,000 ft or greater. Intersection takeoffs that do not meet 2,000 ft minimum stopping margin are permitted for operational necessity only (e.g., partial
- runway closures that require intersection departures).
What is considered standard takeoff minimums?
1 SM or 5000 RVR visibility.
What action should be accomplished when reported visibility is below standard takeoff minimums?
- Review the Jeppesen -9A page (10-9A or
- equivalent) to determine takeoff requirements for the specific departure runway.
What is the minimum visibility allowed for takeoff at SWA?
Southwest Airlines is not authorized for takeoff visibility below 500 RVR unless the Jeppesen -9A page lists HGS 300 RVR.
What is the takeoff limitation for operations at or above 1600 RVR (TDZ)?
The TDZ RVR report, if available, is controlling. The MID RVR report may be substituted for an unavailable TDZ report.
What is the takeoff limitation for operations below 1600 RVR (TDZ)?
A minimum of two operative RVR reporting systems are required and all operative RVR reports are controlling.
What is the takeoff limitation for extremely long runways that use four RVR sensors?
TDZ, MID, Rollout, and Far End. When a fourth FAR END RVR value is reported, it is not controlling and is not to be used as one of the two required operative RVR systems.
When are takeoffs authorized with visibility down to 1600 RVR (TDZ), or visibility/RVV down to ¼ mile?
ONE of the following visual aids is available:
Operative high intensity runway lights (HIRL).
Operative runway centerline lights (CL).
Serviceable runway centerline markings (RCLM).
In circumstances where none of the above visual aids are available, visibility or RVV down to ¼ mile may still be used provided other runway markings or runway lighting provides adequate visual reference to continuously identify the takeoff surface and maintain directional control throughout the takeoff roll.
NOTE: The maximum crosswind component is limited to 35 kt.
When are takeoffs authorized with visibility less than 1600 RVR down to 1000 RVR?
RVR equipment and ONE of the following visual aids combinations is available:
HIRL and serviceable RCLM.
Operative runway centerline lights CL.
NOTE: The maximum crosswind component is limited to 20 kt.
When are takeoffs authorized with TDZ visibility less than 1600 RVR down to 500 RVR?
- RVR equipment AND both of the following
- visual aids are available:
Operative runway CL
NOTE: The maximum crosswind
component is limited to 20 kt
When are takeoffs authorized with visibility less than 500 RVR down to 300 RVR?
BOTH of the following requirements are met:
Operative runway CL lights
NOTE: Use HGS takeoff procedures.
NOTE: Pilots must comply with the following:
A 300 RVR takeoff must be specifically authorized on the Jeppesen -9A page (10-9A or equivalent).
The HGS system and both Pilots’ ILS receivers must be used.
The Captain must be HGS trained, qualified, current, and have 300 hours Southwest Airlines PIC.
The First Officer must be HGS trained.
The maximum crosswind component is limited to 10 kt.
When entering the departure runway either for takeoff or to “Line Up and Wait,” which lights need to be turned on?
Turn on all exterior lights except landing lights.
When “Cleared for Takeoff” or when commencing takeoff roll which lights need to be turned on?
Turn on the landing lights and the turnoff lights. Turn off the taxi light if on.
How is a rolling takeoff is defined?
A rolling takeoff is defined as releasing brakes before advancing takeoff thrust.
If required for cooling, when should the air conditioning packs be selected to HIGH?
Select air conditioning packs to HIGH after the flaps are retracted.
What is the caution on takeoff with heavy headwinds when the autothrottles are used?
Takeoff into headwind of 20 kt or greater may result in THR HLD before the autothrottle can make final thrust adjustments.
On takeoff using the A/T, when will the annunciation change to THR HLD?
At or after 84 kt.
On takeoff using the autobrakes, when will the RTO function arm?
Approximately 95 kts.
On takeoff, what are the rotation numbers to aim for?
- Maintain a smooth, continuous rotation using 3° per second rotation rate to 15° of pitch
- CAUTION: Do not use the flight director pitch reference for rotation rate.
- WARNING: Rotation rates in excess of the recommended 2-3° per second can cause a tail strike.
If an engine exceedance occurs after thrust is set and the decision is made to continue the takeoff, what is the minimum altitude to retard the throttles to maintain engine parameters?
400 ft AGL
After takeoff, what is normal climb speed?
V2 + 20 kt.
After takeoff and passing 400', what do you lose if you change the pitch mode from TO/GA to LVL CHG?
- This removes engine-out logic and windshear
After takeoff, flap retraction will be normally be made at what airspeed? What is the minimum speed for this?
Normal airspeed: V2 + 20
Minimum airspeed: V2 + 15
NOTE: Except for a flaps 1 takeoff.
NOTE: CL - Above 117,000 lb aircraft weight, add 10 kt to all speeds except V1, V2, and VR.
What is the limitation if it is necessary to cycle the landing gear after takeoff?
If necessary to cycle the landing gear, ensure the landing gear lever is in the UP position for approximately 10 seconds to provide positive landing gear up-lock.
If a bleeds off or unpressurized takeoff was performed, when should the packs and bleeds be reconfigured?
After the flaps are retracted (climb thrust should already be set).
Under what conditions should an RNAV departure be discontinued?
FMC message “UNABLE REQD NAV PERF-RNP” is displayed.
There is no operable FMC.
There is no operable CDU.
What are the requirements for takeoffs below 500 RVR?
An HGS takeoff is required.
Do not exceed a 10-kt crosswind component.