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2014-01-03 20:56:07
ARDMS Abdomen Ultrasound
ARDMS Abdomen Ultrasound
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  1. The covering of the liver
    Glisson capsule
  2. Left lobe of the liver can be seperated from the right lobe by
    • Middle hepatic vein
    • Main lobar fissure
    • Gall bladder fossa
  3. Right lobe of the liver is divided into segments by the
    • Right hepatic vein
    • Right intersegmental fissure
  4. Right intersegmental fissure contains
    Right hepatic vein
  5. Main portal vein divides into
    Right and left branches
  6. Ligamentum teres can be used to divide
    Medial and leteral segments of the left lobe of the liver
  7. Main lobar fissure contains
    Middle hepatic vein
  8. Porta hepatis includes
    • Portal veinĀ 
    • Common bile duct (right)
    • Hepatic artery (left)

    (also called liver hilum and portal triad)
  9. Right-sided heart failure often leads to enlargement of the
    Hepatic veins and IVC
  10. Right portal vein divides into
    Anterior and posterior branches
  11. Diameter of the portal vein should not exceed
  12. Right lobe of the liver can be divided into
    Anterior and posterior segments
  13. ____veins have brighter walls than ____ veins
    • Portal
    • Hepatic
  14. Left lobe of the liver can be divided into
    Lateral and medial segments
  15. Budd-Chiari syndrome leads to a reduction in the size of the
    Hepatic veins and IVC
  16. A tongue-like extension of the right lobe of the liver is termed
    Riedel lobe
  17. Left portal vein divides into
    Medial and lateral branches
  18. Left umbilical vein after birth becomes the
    Ligamentum teres
  19. Inferior extension of the caudate lobe
    Papillary process
  20. Clinical findings of fatty infiltration of the liver
    Elevated liver function test, asymptomatic, alcohol abuse, chemotherapy, diabetes mellitus, obesity, pregnancy
  21. Shortly after birth, the ductus venosus collapses and becomes the
    Ligamentum venosum
  22. Sonographically, when the liver is difficult to penetrate and diffusely echogenic, this is indicative of
    Fatty liver disease
  23. Most common cause of chirrosis
  24. Clinical findings of hepatits
    Chills, dark urine, elevated liver function tests, fatigue, fever, hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, nausea, vomiting
  25. Immunocompromised patients are more prone to develop what form of hepatic abnormality
    Hepatic candidiasis
  26. Sequela of cirrhosis
    (illness resulting from another disease, trauma or injury)
    • Portal hypertension
    • Development of varicosities within abd
    • Portal vein thrombosis
    • Splenomegaly
    • HCC
  27. Normal flow toward the liver in the portal veins is
    Hepatopetal and monophasic

    (Hepatofugal-flows away from liver)
  28. Most common form of liver cancer
    Metastatic liver disease
  29. Hepatic mass closely associated with oral contraceptive use
    • Hepatic adenoma
    • (hepatocellular adenoma)
  30. Clinical findings of hepatocellular carcinoma
    Elevated AFP, abnormal LFT, cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis, unexplained weight loss, hepatomegaly, fever, palpable mass, ascites