Lecture - Affluent Society/Civil rights

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  1. What were the 3 major provisions of the GI Bill (44)
    • 1. Full tuition and spending money
    • 2. Loans guaranteed up to $2k
    • 3. Unemployment called "52/20 club" or $20 for 52 weeks
  2. What were the effects of the GI Bill?
    Produced a social revolution. Middle class grew but primary beneficiaries were white males.
  3. With the ready availability of cars how many Americans moved to the suburbs in the '50s?
    20 million
  4. What grandson of a slave served in WWII, attended college at UCLA, and broke baseball's color barrier in 1947?
    Jackie Robinson
  5. Truman established the Presidents Committee on Civil Rights in what year?
  6. When were the armed forces desegregated?
  7. This Supreme court decision sparked a civil rights movement when it overturned the Plessy vs Ferguson ruling as it applies to the segregation of schools.
    Brown vs Board of Education Topeka KS
  8. What action sparked the Montgomery bus boycott (1955-56) that resulted in Montgomery's integration of buses in 1956?
    Rosa Parks refusing to sit in the back
  9. Who emerged as a civil rights movement leader after the Montgomery Bus Boycott?
    MLK JR
  10. What Michael Harrington book of 1962 showed that not everyone was prospering in those times?
    "The other America: Poverty in the United States"
  11. What were 4 of the typical characteristics of people who were impoverished in the late '50s and early '60s?
    • 1. Living in inner cities
    • 2. Racial or ethnic minorities
    • 3. Families headed by women
    • 4. Senior citizens
  12. The Election of 1960 pitted what 2 candidates against each other?
    Kennedy and Nixon
  13. What 1960 presidential candidate was VP under Eisenhower and was known as a strong anti-communist who helped convict Alger Hiss?
  14. What 1960 presidential candidate was a WWII navy vet, senator from Massachusetts, and a 42 year old Roman Catholic?
  15. What president created the Green Berets, sponsored the creation of Peace corps, increased the defense budget by 20%, and got support for expanding the space program?
  16. Kennedy's "New Frontier" was similar to the New Deal and the Fair Deal what were it's 4 major points?
    • 1. Fight poverty
    • 2. Federal aid to education
    • 3. Health care for elderly
    • 4. Civil rights
  17. What parts of the New Frontier legislation did JFK get passed?
  18. In 1961 the CIA, in a plan to overthrow Castro, trained 1500 Cuban exiles. The operation ended as a complete disaster.
    Bay of Pigs
  19. The Kennedy-Khruschev summit didn't ease the tension between the U.S. and the USSR. After this summit what did the Soviets do?
    Built the Berlin wall dividing East and West Berlin
  20. In the 1962 Cuban missile crisis nuclear war was barely avoided how?
    US promised not to overthrow Castro and would later remove missiles from Turkey
  21. What effect did the resolution of the Cuban Missile crisis have on the tension between USSR and US?
    It eased tensions because it provided a direct line of communication between the 2
  22. Who gunned down JFK's assassin live on TV?
    Jack Ruby
  23. Upon being named president what did LBJ do to investigate the assassination of JFK to put to rest the conspiracy theories?
    He created the Warren Commission
  24. Who was President from 63-69?
  25. LBJ got the votes Kennedy couldn't for the Civil Rights Act of 1964, what were 3 of it's major points?
    • 1. Outlawed discrimination in public places
    • 2. Outlawed job discrimination based on race/sex
    • 3. Established a commission to enforce the new laws
  26. LBJ also passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965. What were its 3 major provisions?
    • 1. Illegal to interfere with a persons right to vote
    • 2. Suspended literacy tests (requirement to vote)
    • 3. Dramatically increased black voter registration
  27. Who was known for their "Great Society Plan?"
  28. What president declared war on poverty?
  29. Part of the Great Society, this established low income housing, vocational training, and headstart.
    Economic Opportunity Act
  30. What established medicare and Medicaid, funding for public education, and was a high point of liberal reform?
    Great Society LBJ
  31. Malcom X was a leader of what pro-black organization that believed in African pride and wanted to separate from the white devil by any means necessary?
    Black Power
  32. After WWII what was the fastest growing racial minority group in the US?
  33. What WWII vet started the United Farm Workers Union, wanted more economic opportunities for Hispanics and believed in non-violent boycotts of goods in return for better working conditions?
    Cesar Chavez
  34. What organization was co-founded by Dennis Banks and George Mitchell with the goals of publicizing the problems facing Native Americans and reawaken interest in Indian heritage and culture?
    American Indian Movement (AIM)
  35. This organization used "Fish-ins" in Washington state and even occupied Alcatraz in 1969, citing an old treaty that stated unused federal lands should be returned to Indian control.
    AIM (American Indian Movement)
  36. What was a popular feminist book written by Betty Friedan?
    "Feminine Mystique"
  37. In 1966 this author of "Feminine Mystique" became a founder of NOW (National Organization for Women)
    Betty Friedan
  38. The Equal Rights Amendment of 1972 was never ratified by the states because it was believe it would legally subject women to the draft. What was its primary goal?
    To prohibit discrimination by sex
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Lecture - Affluent Society/Civil rights
2014-01-04 07:31:50
Lecture Affluent Society Civil rights
Lecture - Affluent Society/Civil rights
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