Chapter 22

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  1. abduction
    moving a body part away from the midline of the body
  2. adduction
    moving a body part toward the midline of the body
  3. ambulation
    the act of walking
  4. atrophy
    the decrease in size or the wasting away of tissue
  5.  contracture
    the lack of joint mobility caused by abnormal shortening of a muscle
  6. dorsiflexion
    bending the toes and foot up at the ankle
  7. extension
    straightening a body part
  8. external rotation
    turning the joint outward
  9. flexion
    bending a body part
  10. footdrop
    the foot falls down at the ankle; permanent plantar flexion
  11. hyperextension
    excessive straightening of a body part
  12. internal rotation
    turning the joint inward
  13. orthostatic hypotension / postural hypotension
    abnormally low (hypo) blood pressure when the person suddenly stands up (ortho and static)
  14. plantar flexion
    the foot (plantar) is bent (flexion); bending the foot down at the ankle
  15. pronation
    turning the joint downward
  16. range of motion (ROM)
    the movement of a joint to the extent possible without causing pain
  17. rotation
    turning the joint
  18. supination
    turning the joint upward
Card Set:
Chapter 22
2014-01-06 02:07:17
key terms

Assisting with exercise and activity
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