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What does ATP stand for?
What are the 3 types of work for cells?
Mechanical, transport, and pushing endergonic (anabolic) reactions to occur
What is the structure of ATP?
Nitrogen base (adenine), sugar (ribose), and 3 phosphates
Basic ATP reaction
ATP + H2O -- ADP + Pi (phosphate)
What does ADP stand for?
How does ATP work?
Free Pi bonds to one of the reactants and the other reactant displaces Pi to form the anabolic product (uses energy from Pi breaking off)
What is important about ATP?
It is regenerated in an anabolic/endergonic reaction (energy comes from catabolic reactions)
How does the basic ATP reaction work?
H2O hydrolyses 1 Pi, ADP picks up H, and Pi picks up OH to become HPO4 (2-)
What is a phosphoralated intermediate?
Pi bonded to a reactant
What is energy coupling?
The combination of the cell's energy-yielding processes and its energy-consuming ones
general info on ATP