Card Set Information
What is a monosaccharide?
Monomer of sugar (simple sugar), ends in -ose
Give some examples of monosaccharides
Glucose, fructose, galactose
What are the 2 types of glucose rings and what determines the type?
Alpha and Beta. C1 & OH orientation.
Alpha glucose has the OH...
Away from oxygen
Beta glucose has the OH...
What is a disaccharide?
2 monsaccharides bonded together
Give some examples of disaccharides
Sucrose, maltose, lactose
Sucrose is made up of...
1 fructose & 1 glucose
Maltose is made up of...
Lactose is made up of...
1 glucose & 1 galactose
How do monosaccharides bond? What is the bond called?
Through dehydration synthesis. Glycosidic linkage.
What are polysaccharides?
Many monosaccharides held together by glycosidic linkage. Also formed by dehydration synthesis.
What are the types of polysaccharides?
Storage & structure
Name 4 polysaccharides
Starch, glycogen, cellulose, & chitin
Plant storage form, long chain of alpha glucose, 2 types- amylose & amylopectin
Animal storage form, chain of highly branched glucose, stored in muscle cells & liver
Plant structure, makes up cell walls, long chain of beta glucose
Animal structure, found in insect exoskeletons & claws/nails