Carbohydrates

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Author:
ajm25
ID:
255277
Filename:
Carbohydrates
Updated:
2014-01-05 23:43:42
Tags:
biology
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    • author "me"
    • fileName "Carbohydrates"
    • tags ""
    • description ""
    • What is a monosaccharide?
    • Monomer of sugar (simple sugar), ends in -ose
  1. Give some examples of monosaccharides
    Glucose, fructose, galactose
  2. What are the 2 types of glucose rings and what determines the type?
    Alpha and Beta. C1 & OH orientation.
  3. Alpha glucose has the OH...
    Away from oxygen
  4. Beta glucose has the OH...
    Towards oxygen
  5. What is a disaccharide?
    2 monsaccharides bonded together
  6. Give some examples of disaccharides
    Sucrose, maltose, lactose
  7. Sucrose is made up of...
    1 fructose & 1 glucose
  8. Maltose is made up of...
    2 glucose
  9. Lactose is made up of...
    1 glucose & 1 galactose
  10. How do monosaccharides bond? What is the bond called?
    Through dehydration synthesis. Glycosidic linkage.
  11. What are polysaccharides?
    Many monosaccharides held together by glycosidic linkage. Also formed by dehydration synthesis.
  12. What are the types of polysaccharides?
    Storage & structure
  13. Name 4 polysaccharides
    Starch, glycogen, cellulose, & chitin
  14. Starch is...
    Plant storage form, long chain of alpha glucose, 2 types- amylose & amylopectin
  15. Amylose is...
    Unbranced
  16. Amylopectin is...
    Branched
  17. Glycogen is...
    Animal storage form, chain of highly branched glucose, stored in muscle cells & liver
  18. Cellulose is...
    Plant structure, makes up cell walls, long chain of beta glucose
  19. Chitin is...
    Animal structure, found in insect exoskeletons & claws/nails

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