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What are positive symptoms for Schizophrenia?
Symptoms that reflect an excess or distortion of normal functioning
What do Schizophrenic delusions entail?
Bizarre beliefs that seem real to the person with Schizophrenia but are not
What types of schizophrenic delusions can occur?
- Paranoid: Fear of persecution, hyper-vigilance to things such as facial expressions
- Grandiose: Inflated beliefs about the person's power and importance
What are experiences of control?
- The person may believe they are under the influence of an Alien force that has invaded their body
- May be interpreted as the presence of spirits or implanted radio transmissions
What are schizophrenic hallucinations?
- Bizarre, unreal perceptions
- Auditory (hearing voices)
- Visual (seeing things)
- Olfactory (smelling things)
- Tactile (feel bugs crawling under the skin ect)
What is distorted thinking?
- The feeling that thoughts have been inserted or withdrawn from the mind
- May believe that thoughts are being broadcasted
- Incoherent or loosely associated speech is an indicator of this symptom
What is meant by negative schizophrenic symptoms?
Symptoms that reflect a decline or loss of normal functioning
What is affective flattening
Reduction in the range and intensity of emotional expression, voice tone, eye contact and body language
Poverty or absence of speech thought to reflect slowing or blocked thoughts
- Unusual body movements and the adoption of odd body posture, uncontrolled limb movements and sometimes complete frozen immobility
- Limbs can be moved into different positions (waxy flexibility)
What did Eaton et al find in 1988
People with Schizophrenia who have many negative symptoms do less well in education, work and social functioning than those with few symptoms
Give 5 examples of positive symptoms associated with Schizophrenia
- Hearing voices
- Thinking you can fly
- Irrational fear
- Delusions of grandeur
- Delusional paranoia
- Irrational thoughts
Give 5 examples of negative symptoms associated with schizophrenia
- Catatonic stupor
- Affective flattening
- Slow, muddled thoughts
- Flat emotions
Give 5 examples of primary impairments
- Thought disorders
- Emotional blunting
Give 5 examples of secondary social impairments
- Social Drift
- Rejection+ prejudice
Give 5 examples of secondary psychological impairments
- Poor coping mechanisms
- Loss of confidence
- No Motivation
What did Wing state in 1992?
- Primary impairments (symptoms) are part of the disorder
- Secondary impairments result from the primary impairments
What are the most common secondary symptoms of schizophrenia?
- Alcohol and drug abuse
- Social isolation
To what are the presence and severity of secondary symptoms related?
- The amount of ongoing medical, social and therapeutic support
- High levels of support generally reduce the frequency and severity of secondary symptoms