Symptoms of Schizophrenia

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Symptoms of Schizophrenia
2014-01-06 14:39:34
Psychology Schizophrenia Smptoms

AQA PSYB3 Psychology Schizophrenia
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  1. What are positive symptoms for Schizophrenia?
    Symptoms that reflect an excess or distortion of normal functioning
  2. What do Schizophrenic delusions entail?
    Bizarre beliefs that seem real to the person with Schizophrenia but are not
  3. What types of schizophrenic delusions can occur?
    • Paranoid: Fear of persecution, hyper-vigilance to things such as facial expressions
    • Grandiose: Inflated beliefs about the person's power and importance
  4. What are experiences of control?
    • The person may believe they are under the influence of an Alien force that has invaded their body
    • May be interpreted as the presence of spirits or implanted radio transmissions
  5. What are schizophrenic hallucinations?
    • Bizarre, unreal perceptions
    • Auditory (hearing voices)
    • Visual (seeing things)
    • Olfactory (smelling things)
    • Tactile (feel bugs crawling under the skin ect)
  6. What is distorted thinking?
    • The feeling that thoughts have been inserted or withdrawn from the mind 
    • May believe that thoughts are being broadcasted 
    • Incoherent or loosely associated speech is an indicator of this symptom
  7. What is meant by negative schizophrenic symptoms?
    Symptoms that reflect a decline or loss of normal functioning
  8. What is affective flattening
    Reduction in the range and intensity of emotional expression, voice tone, eye contact and body language
  9. Alogia
    Poverty or absence of speech thought to reflect slowing or blocked thoughts
  10. Catatonic behaviour
    • Unusual body movements and the adoption of odd body posture, uncontrolled limb movements and sometimes complete frozen immobility 
    • Limbs can be moved into different positions (waxy flexibility)
  11. What did Eaton et al find in 1988
    People with Schizophrenia who have many negative symptoms do less well in education, work and social functioning than those with few symptoms
  12. Give 5 examples of positive symptoms associated with Schizophrenia
    • Hearing voices
    • Thinking you can fly
    • Irrational fear
    • Delusions of grandeur
    • Delusional paranoia 
    • Hallucinations
    • Irrational thoughts
  13. Give 5 examples of negative symptoms associated with schizophrenia
    • Apathy
    • Catatonic stupor 
    • Alogia 
    • Affective flattening
    • Slow, muddled thoughts 
    • Flat emotions
  14. Give 5 examples of primary impairments
    • Hallucinations
    • Delusions
    • Thought disorders
    • Apathy
    • Emotional blunting
  15. Give 5 examples of secondary social impairments
    • Unemployment 
    • Social Drift
    • Institutionalisation 
    • Rejection+ prejudice
  16. Give 5 examples of secondary psychological impairments
    • Dependant
    • Poor coping mechanisms 
    • Loss of confidence 
    • No Motivation
  17. What did Wing state in 1992?
    • Primary impairments (symptoms) are part of the disorder
    • Secondary impairments result from the primary impairments
  18. What are the most common secondary symptoms of schizophrenia?
    • Depression
    • Anxiety
    • Alcohol and drug abuse 
    • Social isolation
  19. To what are the presence and severity of secondary symptoms related?
    • The amount of ongoing medical, social and therapeutic support
    • High levels of support generally reduce the frequency and severity of secondary symptoms