Developmental Stages and Transitions

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Author:
pachie_18
ID:
255404
Filename:
Developmental Stages and Transitions
Updated:
2014-01-06 19:22:56
Tags:
nclex
Folders:
nclex
Description:
review
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  1. Infants (1-12mos)
    misshapen head, milia (white spots) on face, sucking, grasping reflexes, learns to grasp with finger & thumb

    vocalizes sounds (coos)

    • 10mos: rolling from tummy to side
    • 9mos: transferring toys

    parent-infant bonding
  2. Preschool-Age (1-4y)
    inc B&B control; dress & undress, refined coordination

    • says "no" often
    • believes adults know everything

    • 18mos:walking
    • speak at least 15 words
    • imitates actions or words
    • pretend play

    • Security & consistency of environment
    • natural curiosity
    • independence & playtime
  3. School-Age (5-12y)
    • skipping & jumping
    • two-step direction
    • identify with parent of the same sex

    *developing scoliosis/vision & hearing poblems
  4. Adolescents (13-18y)
    • inc personal attractiveness
    • secondary sexual characteristics
    • strong peer allegiances

    (deviations)=aggresion
  5. Adults (19-64y)
    • peak @ 25-35y
    • 19-34y=intimacy v isolation
    • 35-64y=generativity v stagnation
  6. Older adults (65-85y)
    • slowing of physical functioning
    • ego integrity v despair
  7. Very Old (>85y)
    • continued decline of physical functioning
    • *suicidal thoughts

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