Gross Terminology

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lanceda
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255411
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Gross Terminology
Updated:
2014-01-07 23:17:12
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Terminology
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Terminology
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Terminology
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  1. Superior
    nearer to topmost part of the cranium
  2. inferior
    nearer to the sole of the foot
  3. cranial
    toward the head or cranium
  4. caudal
    towards the feet or tail region (coccyx)
  5. posterior (dorsal)
    back surface of the body or nearer the back
  6. anterior (ventral)
    front surface of the body or nearer the front
  7. rostral
    used in place of anterior when describing parts of the brain. Front of the brain
  8. medial
    nearer to the midline
  9. lateral
    farther away from the midline
  10. superficial, intermediate, deep
    describe the position of structures relative to the surface of the body or the relationship of one structure to another underlying or overlying structure
  11. external
    outside or farther from the center of an organ or cavity
  12. internal
    inside or closer to the center
  13. proximal
    nearer to trunk or point of origin (extremity)
  14. distal
    farther away from trunk or point of origin (extremity)
  15. palmar
    referring to the palm side of the hand
  16. plantar
    referring to sole of the foot
  17. bilateral
    occurring on both sides
  18. unilateral
    occurs only on one side
  19. ipsilateral
    occurs on the same side of the body as something else
  20. contralateral
    occurs on the opposite side of the body from something else
  21. acetabulum
    shallow vinegar cup
  22. acromion
    upper most
  23. ala
    wing
  24. alveolus
    small hollow space
  25. ampulla
    little jar
  26. anatomy
    to separate or take apart; dissect
  27. anastamosis (anastamoses)
    opening; natural communication between two vessels
  28. ante
    before
  29. apex
    tip
  30. aponeurosis
    tendinous expansion
  31. arch
    a bow
  32. ascending
    traveling superiority
  33. axilla
    armpit
  34. azygos
    unpaired
  35. base
    the lower part or foundation
  36. branchium
    arm; shorter, so specifically arm, not forarm
  37. brevis
    short
  38. canal
    narrow tube or channel
  39. cardiac
    heart
  40. cecum
    blind gut
  41. celiac
    belly
  42. cephalic
    cranial; pertaining to the head
  43. colic
    referring to the colon
  44. condyle
    knuckle; rounded protuberance
  45. constrictor
    structure designed to close off a passage way
  46. coracoid
    crow's beak
  47. coronoid
    hooked/curved
  48. corpus
    body
  49. cortex
    external layer, bark, shell, rind
  50. costal
    ribs
  51. coxa
    hip
  52. crest
    ridge or elongate prominence
  53. cruciate
    cross shaped
  54. crus (crura)
    leg(s)
  55. cutaneous
    pertaining to the skin
  56. cystic
    bladder
  57. descending
    traveling inferiorly
  58. dilator
    structure designed to dilate an opening
  59. duodenum
    12 at a time (12 finger breadth in length)
  60. epiploic
    omentum
  61. extension
    to increase the angle between the bones forming a joint
  62. extrinsic
    coming from the outside
  63. facet
    small face; smooth area on a bone
  64. falciform
    sickle shaped
  65. fascia
    a band
  66. fimbria
    fringe
  67. fissure
    a groove, cleft or slit
  68. foramen (foramina)
    a passage or opening; hole
  69. fornix
    arch
  70. fossa
    shallow depression
  71. fovea
    pit or cuplike depression
  72. fundus
    part of hollow organ far from mouth of that organ
  73. gastric
    stomach
  74. genu
    knee
  75. haustrum
    drawer
  76. hepatic
    liver
  77. hiatus
    gap, cleft or opening
  78. hilum
    region where cessels enter or exit an organ
  79. infundibulum
    funnel shaped
  80. inguinal
    groin
  81. intrinsic
    belonging solely to that part; situated entirely within
  82. isthmus
    narrow connection between two bodies
  83. jejunum
    empty
  84. lamina
    thin, flay layer
  85. lecator
    lifter
  86. linea alba
    white line
  87. longus
    long
  88. lumborum
    lumbar region
  89. magnum
    great
  90. median
    central or middle
  91. medulla
    innermost part
  92. mesentary
    double later of peritoneum
  93. metrium
    uterus
  94. notch
    deep indentation or narrow gap
  95. omos
    shoulder
  96. parietal
    pertaining to the wall of a cavity
  97. pecten
    comb
  98. pectoral
    pertaining to the chest wall
  99. pedicle
    little foot
  100. peritoneum
    stretch around (lining of abnormal wall)
  101. phrenic
    pertaining to the thoracic diaphragm
  102. piriform
    pear shaped
  103. pleura
    rib side
  104. plexus
    braid or network
  105. portal
    door or gateway
  106. process
    a bony projection
  107. pudendal
    modest; to feel ashamed (external genitalia)
  108. pulmonary
    lungs
  109. pylorus
    gate guard
  110. ramus
    branch
  111. raphe
    seam
  112. rectus
    straight
  113. recurrent
    returning; traceling back the way it came
  114. renal
    kidney
  115. retinaculum
    to retain
  116. root
    proximal end of a structure
  117. rugae
    wrinkles or folds
  118. salpinx
    tube; trumpet
  119. serratus
    saw like
  120. sheath
    connective tissue tube covering other structures
  121. sigmoid
    "S" shaped
  122. sinus
    curve, hollow
  123. skeleton
    dried up body
  124. soma
    body
  125. sphincter
    structure designed to close an opening
  126. spine
    thorn like process
  127. splanchnic
    pertaining to viscera
  128. styloid
    long and pointed
  129. teres
    round
  130. trabeculum
    supporting or anchoring strand
  131. trochlea
    system of pulleys
  132. tubercle
    little swelling
  133. tuberosity
    elevated round process of bone
  134. ventricle
    small cavity
  135. vermiform
    worm like
  136. vesicle
    urinary bladder
  137. vestibule
    space at the entrance to a canal
  138. visceral
    pertaining to the organs
  139. A-
    away; negative prefix
  140. crani-
    skull
  141. endo-
    inside
  142. epi-
    upon
  143. extra-
    outer
  144. hemi-
    half
  145. hyper-
    above or near
  146. hypo-
    under
  147. infra-
    below or under
  148. inter-
    among, between
  149. intra-
    within
  150. meso-
    middle
  151. meta-
    after
  152. nuch-
    back of neck
  153. odont-
    tooth
  154. para-
    beside or near
  155. peri-
    around
  156. retro-
    backward or behind
  157. semi-
    half
  158. sub-
    under or below
  159. supra-
    above or over

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