Psych: Chapter 7 Memory

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LaurenCamp29
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255452
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Psych: Chapter 7 Memory
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2014-01-07 16:23:12
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psychology psych chapter memory marking period two barbagallo jun
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  1. Repeating information over and over to maintain it in short-term memory
    Maintenance Rehearsal
  2. Progressive mental deterioration characterized by severe memory loss
    Alzheimer's Disease
  3. Loss of memory for events before an injury; backward acting amnesia
    Retrograde Amnesia
  4. Retrieving a memory using a specific cue
    Recognition
  5. Memory-improvement technique based on encoding items in a special way
    Mnemonic Device
  6. Retaining neurally coded information over time
    Storage
  7. Attributing to a wrong source an event that we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined about
    Source Amnesia
  8. Delayed effectiveness of a message from an unreliable source
    Sleeper Effect
  9. Retrieving a memory using a general cue
    Recall
  10. Recovering information from memory stage
    Retrieval
  11. New information interferes with remembering old information; backward-acting interference
    Retroactive Interference
  12. first memory stage that holds sensory information, relatively large capacity but duration only a few seconds
    Sensory Memory
  13. Third stage of memory that stores information for long periods; its capacity is virtually limitless, and its duration is relatively permanent
    Long-Term memory
  14. Linking new information to previously stored material (also known as deeper levels of thinking).
    Elaborative Rehearsal
  15. A part of explicit/declarative memory that stores memories of personally experienced events; a mental diary of a person’s life
    Episodic Memory
  16. A clue or prompt that helps stimulate recall or retrieval of a stored piece of information from long-term memory
    Retrieval Cue
  17. A retrieval failure that involves a sensation of knowing that specific information is stored in Long Term Memory, but being temporarily unable to retrieve it.
    ("Blanking out" on a test)
    Retrieval Theory
  18. Inability to form new memories after a brain injury; forward-acting amnesia
    Anterograde Amnesia
  19. Information at the beginning and end of a list is remembered better than material in the middle
    Serial Position Effect
  20. Time spent learning is grouped (or massed) into long, unbroken intervals (also known as cramming).
    Massed Practice
  21. Second memory stage that temporarily stores sensory information and decides whether to send it on to long-term memory
    Short-Term Memory
  22. An internal record of representation of some prior event or experience
    Memory
  23. Practice (or study) sessions are interspersed with rest periods
    Distributed Practice
  24. Form of memory occurs when a prior exposure to stimulus facilitates or inhibits the processing of new information
    (Fear increasing after reading Stephen King's IT)
    Priming
  25. A part of explicit/declarative memory that stores general knowledge
    Semantic Memory
  26. Grouping separate pieces of information into a single unit (or chunk)
    Chunking
  27. Translating information into neural codes (language)
    Encoding
  28. Learning material a second time, which usually takes less time than original learning (also called the savings method)
    Relearning
  29. Can result in errors and distortions of memory
    Constructive Processes

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