Psych Ch. 1 and 2 terms to know

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jcs6116
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Psych Ch. 1 and 2 terms to know
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2014-01-08 14:51:17
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Terms and vocab to know for psychology
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  1. the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
    psychology
  2. the process of of examining and measuring one's own thoughts and mental activities
    objective introspection
  3. early perspective in psychology associated with Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Titchener, in which the focus of study is in the structure or basic elements of the mind.
    structuralism
  4. early perspective in psychology associated with William James, in which the focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt,live,work and play.
    functionalism
  5. early perspective in psychology focusing on perception and sensation,particularly the perception of patterns and whole figures.
    Gestalt Psychology
  6. the theory and therapy based on the work of Sigmund Freud
    psychoanalysis
  7. the science of behavior that focuses on observable behaviors only
    behaviorism
  8. modern version of psychoanalysis that is more focused on the development of a sense of self and the discovery of motivations behind a person's behavior other than sexual motivations.
    psychodynamic perspective
  9. modern perspective that focuses on memory, intelligence,perception,problem solving and learning.
    cognitive perspective 
  10. study of the physical changes in the brain and nervous system during thinking.
    cognitive neuroscience 
  11. perceptive that focuses on the relationship between social behavior and culture.
    sociocultural perspective
  12. perspective that attributes humans and animal behavior to biological events occurring in the body, such as genetic influence,hormones and the activity of the nervous system.
    biopsychosocial perspective
  13. perspective that focuses on the biological bases of universal mental characteristics that all humans share.
    evolutionary perspective
  14. a professional with and academic degree and specialized training in one or more areas of psychology.
    psychologist
  15. a medical doctor who has specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders.
    psychiatrist 
  16. a social worker with some training in therapy methods who focuses on the environmental conditions that can have an impact on mental disorders, such as poverty,overcrowding,stress, and drug abuse.
    pscychiatric  social worker
  17. system of gathering data so that bias and error in measurement are reduced.
    scientific method
  18. tentative explanation of a phenomenon based on observations. (educated guess)
    hypothesis
  19. in research, repeating a study or experiment to see if the same results will be obtained in effort to demonstrate reliability of results.
    replicate
  20. tendency of people or animals to behave differently from normal if they know they are being observed.
    observer effect
  21. a naturalistic observation in which the observer becomes a participant in the group being observed.
    participant observation
  22. tendency of observers to see what they expect to see.
    observer bias
  23. study of one individual in great detail.
    case study
  24. randomly selected sample of subjects from a lager population of subjects.
    representative sample 
  25. the entire group of people or animals that the  researcher is interested.
    population
  26. a measure of the relationship between two variables.
    correlation
  27. a number derived from the formula for measuring a correlation and indicating the strength and direction of correlation.
     correlation coefficient
  28. the phenomenon in which the expectations of the participants in a study can influence their behavior.
    placebo effect
  29. tendency of the experimenter's expectations for a study to unintentionally influence the results of the study.
    experimenter effect
  30. study in which the subjects do not know if they are in the experimental or the control group. 
    single blind study
  31. study in which the experimenter nor the subjects know if the subjects are in the experimental or the control group.
    double-blind study
  32. making reasoned judgments about claims
    critical thinking

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