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  1. Airborne Precautions Diseases
    • Measles
    • Chicken pox (Varicella)
    • Disseminated varicella zoster
    • Tuberculosis
  2. Airborne Precautions Barrier Protection
    • Single room maintained under negative pressure- door remains closed except when entering and exiting
    • Negative airflow pressure used- minimum 6-12 air exchanges per hour depending on healthcare agency protocol
    • Ultraviolet germicide irradiation or high-efficiency particulate air filter is used in the room
    • Health care worker wear mask or personal respiratory protection device
    • Mask placed on client when client is out of the room; client only leaves the room if necessary
  3. Droplet Precautions Diseases
    • Adenovirus
    • Diptheria (pharyngeal)
    • Epiglottis
    • Influenza, including H1N1 influenza
    • Meningitis
    • Mumps
    • Mycoplasmal pneumonia or meningococcal pneumonia
    • Parvovirus B19
    • Pertussis
    • Pneumonia
    • Rubella
    • Scarlet fever
    • Sepsis
    • Streptococcal pharyngitis
  4. Droplet Precautions Barrier Protection
    • Private room or cohort client
    • Use of mask
    • Mask placed on client when client is out of the room; client leaves room only if necessary
  5. Contact Precautions Diseases
    • Colonization or infection with a multidrug-resistant organism
    • Enteric infections such as C Diff
    • Respiratory infections such as RSV
    • H1N1 influenza: Infection can occur by touching something with flu viruses on it and then touching the mouth or nose
    • Wound infections
    • Skin infections such as cutaneous diptheria, herpes simplex, impetigo, pediculosis, scabies, staphylococci and varicella zoster
    • Eye infection such as conjunctivitis
  6. Contact Precautions Barrier Protection
    • Private room or cohort client
    • Use of gloves and a gown when in contact with the client.
  7. Radiation Safety
    • Label potentially radioactive material
    • Reduce exposure to radiation-limit time spent near source, make distance from the source as great as possible, use shielding device such as lead apron
    • Monitor radiation exposure with a film (dosimeter) badge
    • Place client with radiation implant in private room
    • Never touch dislodged radiation implants
    • keep all linens in clients room until implant is removed
  8. Physiological changes in Older clients- Musculoskeletal
    • Strength and function of muscles decrease
    • Joints become less mobileand bones become brittle
    • Postural changes and limited range of motion occur
  9. Physiological changes in Older clients-  Nervous System
    • Voluntary and autonomic reflexes become slower
    • Decreased ability to respond to multiple stimuli occurs
    • Decreased sensitivity to touch occurs
  10. Physiological changes in Older clients-  Sensory
    • Decreased vision and lens accommodation and cataracts develop
    • Delayed transmission of hot and cold impulses occurs
    • Impaired hearing develops, with high-frequency tones less perceptible
  11. Physiological changes in Older clients-Genitourinary
    • Increased nocturia
    • Occurrences of incontinence may occur
  12. Common Drug-resistant healthcare associated Infections
    • Vancomycin-resistant enterococci
    • MRSA
    • Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
  13. Types of Fire Extinguishers
    • A- wood, cloth, upholstery, paper, rubbish, plastic
    • B- flammable liquids or gases, grease, tar, oil-based paint
    • C- electrical equipment
Card Set:
2014-01-08 08:28:44

Saunders NCLEX Prep
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