A & P Terms to know

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Author:
jcs6116
ID:
255715
Filename:
A & P Terms to know
Updated:
2014-01-09 14:40:45
Tags:
Anatomy
Folders:
A & P
Description:
Anatomy and Physiology
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  1. Nearer to the back of the animal than: (the backbone is _____ to the belly)
    • Dorsal
    • (the backbone is _____ to the belly)
  2. Nearer to the belly (front) of the animal than: (the breast bone is _____ to the heart)
    • Ventral
    • (the breast bone is _____ to the heart)
  3. nearer to the skull than: (the diaphragm is _____ to the stomach)
    • cranial (or anterior)
    • *above
    • (the diaphragm is _____ to the stomach)
  4. nearer to the tail than: (the ribs are _____ to the neck)
    • caudal (or posterior)
    • *toward the back
    • (the ribs are _____ to the neck)
  5. closer to the body than: * (only used for structures on limbs) 
    (the shoulder is _____ to the elbow)
    • proximal
    • (the shoulder is _____ to the elbow)
  6. further from the body than *(only used for structures in the limbs)
    (the ankle is ____ to the knee)
    • distal
    • (the ankle is ____ to the knee)
  7. nearer to the middle than (the bladder is ____ to the hips)
    • medial
    • (the bladder is ____ to the hips)
  8. further from the middle than (the ribs are _____ to the lungs)
    • lateral
    • (the ribs are _____ to the lungs)
  9. towards the muzzle (there are more grey hairs in the ____ part of the head)
    • rostral
    • (there are more grey hairs in the ____ part of the head)
  10. the "walking" surface of the front paw (there is a small cut on the left _____ surface)
    • palmar
    • (there is a small cut on the left _____ surface)
  11. the "walking" surface of the hind paw (the pads are on the _____ side of the foot)
    • Plantar
    • (the pads are on the _____ side of the foot)
  12. above (the head is _____ to the feet)
    • superior
    • (the head is _____ to the feet)
  13. below (the feet are _____ to the head)
    • inferior¬†
    • (the feet are _____ to the head)
  14. toward the front (the nose is _____ to the spine)
    • anterior
    • (the nose is _____ to the spine)
  15. toward the back (the spine is ____ to the belly button)
    • posterior
    • (the spine is ____ to the belly button)
  16. nearer to the surface (the skin is _____ to the stomach)
    • superficial
    • (the skin is _____ to the stomach)
  17. far from the surface (the lungs are ______ to the ribs)
    • deep
    • (the lungs are ______ to the ribs)
  18. to cut across transverse
    cross section

    • :to cut across transverse
  19. angular cut
    oblique section

    :
    angular cut
  20. a cut the long way like a median or frontal (not necessarily in half)
    longitudinal section

    :
    a cut the long way like a median or frontal (not necessarily in half)
  21. ______ cavity: has the brain, oral cavity,nasal cavity,orbitals, sinuses, middle ear cavities,etc.
    cranial cavity

    :has the brain, oral cavity,nasal cavity,orbitals, sinuses, middle ear cavities,etc.
  22. _____ cavity: has the spinal chord
    vertebral cavity

    :has the spinal chord
  23. ______ cavity:contains the lungs(pleura),lower boundary is the diaphragm, mediastinum (heart)
    • thoracic cavity
    • :contains the lungs(pleura),lower boundary is the diaphragm, mediastinum (heart)
  24. _______ cavity:contains the abdominal and pelvic cavities
    • abdominopelvic cavity
    • :contains the abdominal and pelvic cavities
  25. _______ cavity:stomach,liver,pancreas,small intestine,etc.
    abdominal cavity

    :stomach,liver,pancreas,small intestine,etc.
  26. _____ cavity:rectum,anus,bladder,etc.
    pelvic cavity

    :rectum,anus,bladder,etc.
  27. _______ section:upper limbs and lower limbs
    appendicular region

    :upper limbs and lower limbs
  28. ______ section:contains the head, cranial, vertebral and thoracic cavities
    • axial region
    • :contains the head, cranial, vertebral and thoracic cavities
  29. thoracic and abdominopelvic membranes: the membrane closest to the organ

    * the_____ pleura
    • viscera or visceral
    • * the_____ pleura
    • viscera=organ
  30. thoracic and abdominopelvic membranes: the membrane closest to the body

    *
    the _____ pleura
    parietal

    • *the _____ pleura
    • parietal=body
  31. ______ plane:a plane that divides a person in half right and left
    sagittal (median)

    :a plane that divides a person in half right and left
  32. _______ plane:a plane that divides a person into a top and bottom half
    transverse (or horizontal)

    :a plane that divides a person into a top and bottom half
  33. ______ plane:a plane that divides the body in half front to back (anterior to posterior)
    frontal (coronal)

    :a plane that divides the body in half front to back (anterior to posterior)

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