Card Set Information
designed allow the surgeon to use same instrument for left and right of same arch
resemble large spoon excavator
dbl ended scoop shaped instrument with sharp edges for scraping motion
trim alveolar bone
similar in size of forceps
resembles finger nail clippers
always follow the rongeur
smooth rough margins of the alveolus after extraction
surgical knife used to make a precise incision into soft tissue with least amount of trauma to tissue
used to grasp and hold things
similar to hemostat surgeon. to grasp a suture needle
oral maxillofacial surgery
diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects effecting the heart and soft tissue of the head and neck.
indication for oral and maxillofacial surgery
extraction of decay teeth that cannot be restored.
removal of impacted teeth.
extract of non-vital teeth.
removal for ortho.
cysts and tumors.
salivary gland surgery
oral and maxillofacial surgeon (OMFS)
referred to as an oral surgeon
dentist who has received 4 to 6 additional years of postgraduate training in hospital
surgical assistant knowledge and skills
patient assessment and monitoring (medical history)
use of specialized instruments
surgical asepsis (sterilize packaging)
pain control techniques (monitoring anesthesia)
done in the private dental office
the hospital or outpatient surgical suite
to reflect (separate)
retract the periosteum from the surface of the bone
always on a basic setup
used before the forceps to detach the gingival tissues from around the cervix of the tooth
always used after BP (bard parker)???
root tip pick universal/curve
extract root tips
straight elevator 301
small half round elevator universal
used to seperate tooth from periodontal ligament and ease retraction
design to allow the surgeon to use the same instrument for the left and right arch
resembles a large spoon excavator
double end, scoop-sharpened instrument with sharp edges for scraping motion
used following after the extraction to scrape the interior of the socket, to remove disease tissue
used to trim alveolar bone
resembles finger nail clipper
always follows the rongeurs
used to smooth rough margins of the alveolar bone
surgical knife used to make a precise incision into soft tissue with least amount of trauma to the tissue
discard into the sharp containers
used to grasp soft tissue bone and tooth fragment
grasping and holding
similar to hemostat
to grasp a suture needle
trims soft tissue
handles range in length from 3 1/2 to 6 1/4 in
used to cut suture material
hold or retract tissue during surgery
mouth props or bite block
patient rests and relax muscle during surgery
to remove or reshape bone
single design to remove bone
bi-bevel type to split teeth
source of pressure
used on the chisel handle
what does the periosteel elevator reflect and retract?
what number is given to the universal forcep?
what instrument resembles a spoon excavator?
what surgical instrument is used to trim and shape bone?
what is the difference between a hemostat and a needle holder?
hemostat is used to grasp and hold things
needle hold is used to grab a suture needle
when the chisel is placed in the tray setup, what additional surgical instrument must be set out?
what equipment is used to perform surgical scrub?
the term donning means?
used to remove bone or divide tooth
handpiece and bur
sterile saline water is required for cooling
chain of asepsis requires
instrument, surgical drapes, and gloves hands of the surgical team sterile
prepared to hold surgical instrument and accessories that will be used during surgery
type of handwash used to lessen chance of infection
advance preparation surgical assistant role
check patient records and x rays
consent form signed and available
info request from patients physician must be received
check for lab cases
ensure surgical preparation has been prepared and sterilized
provide preoperative instructions for taking any pre meds and eating, drinking after midnight
treatment room preparation
prepare room with barriers
keep instruments in sterile wraps until ready for use
if it is open, place a sterile towel over the tray
appropriate pain control meds ready for administration
post operative instructions
update medical history and lab reports
check patient for prescribed medication
place radiograph on view box
take vital signs
sit and drape the patient
adjust the chair to comfortable position
described as simple extractions
perform on a tooth that is fully erupted and has a solid intact crown which is grasped firmly with forceps
do not require placement of suture
when a patient will be recieving a partial or a full denture or implants.
when several teeth have been extracted within the same quadrant, the alveoplasty crest remains intact and the surgeon must perform an alveoplasty to conture and smooth the effected area.
this term is used when the conditons requires additional skills, knowledge and instrumentation to removea tooth
: extraction of an impacted tooth
tooth that has not been errupted
soft tissue impaction
tooth is located under the gingival tissue
hard tissue impaction
tooth is partially or totally covered by tissue and bone
process by which tissue is removed and examined to distinguish malignancies from nonmalignant cancers in the oral cavity
three types of biopsys
INCISIONAL BIOPSY:cosmetic or functional impire bisurgery (chew/tongue)
EXCISIONAL BIOPSY: removal of the entire lesion plus some adjacent tissue
: nonsurgical technique
requires no anesthesia
what procedure is commonly performed by the surgeon directly after removal of multiple teeth adjacent to one another?
which type of impaction is when a tooth is located directly under the gingival tissue?
soft tissue impaction
which type of biopsy is completed when a surface lesion is scraped to attain cells?
if a scapel has been used,sutures are used to control bleeding and promote healing
what are three types of non-absorbable suture materials?
silk strength and easy application
one of the strongest sutures
strength and elasticity
non-absorbable sutures are usually removed 5 to 7 days after surgery
absorbable suture materials
they dissolve and become absorbed by the body
provides faster healing for mucus membrane and subcutaneous tissues.
provides a slower healing process allowing the internal tissue to heal first
: synthetic absorbable material
failure of the healing process
also known as a dry socket
usually occurs 2 to 3 days after removal
the socket is irrigated with warm saline solution