M/B Unit 1 Vocab

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M/B Unit 1 Vocab
2014-01-15 20:01:15
Mother baby vocab

Definitions of Unit 1 terms
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  1. Rooming-in
    when mother and baby stay in the same room at the hospital; arrangement in a hospital whereby a newborn infant is kept in a crib at the mother's bedside instead of in a nursery
  2. Nurse-midwife
    Qualified to provide complete care during pregnancy, childbirth, & the postpartum period in uncomplicated pregnancies and also provides gynecologic services, family planning and counseling
  3. Neonatologist
    a branch of medicine concerned with the care, development, and diseases of newborn infants.
  4. Perinatal period
    pertaining to the period immediately before and after birth. The perinatal period is defined in diverse ways. Depending on the definition, it starts at the 20-28 week of gestation and ends 1-4 weeks after birth.
  5. Perinatologist
    a branch of medicine concerned with perinatal (occurring in, concerned with, or being in the period around the time of birth) care
  6. Postpartum Period
    refers to the first 6 weeks after childbirth
  7. Adaptation
    maternal adaptation is the way a woman changes to bear a child. It involves more than just the belly, the whole being is affected physically, emotionally, and socially. Maternal adaptation goes on before, during, and after pregnancy
  8. Birth Rate
    a number that shows how many babies are born in a particular place or during a particular time
  9. Infant Mortality Rate
    Number of deaths per 1000 live births that occur within the first 12 months of life
  10. Maternal Mortality Rate
    number of maternal deaths from childbirth and the complications of pregnancy, childbirth, and puerperium (the first 42 days after the end of pregnancy) per 100,000 live births. New criteria add deaths after 42 days to the total if pregnancy aggravated the disease existing before pregnancy or developed during pregnancy and the disease subsequently led to the woman's death.
  11. Morbidity rate
    Ratio of sick to well persons in a defined population
  12. Birthing Room
    an area of a hospital or outpatient medical facility equipped for labor, delivery, and recover and designed as a natural, homelike environment
  13. Neonatal Period
    The interval from birth to 28 day of age. It represents the time of the greatest risk to the infant.
  14. Menarche
    The onset of menstruation
  15. Parturition
    The act or process of giving birth, childbirth
  16. Coitus
    Sexual union between a male and a female involving insertion of the penis into the vagina.
  17. Parturition coitus
    The act of "pulling out" during sex as a method of birth control
  18. Infertility
    Inability of a couple to conceive after 1 year of regular intercourse (2-3 times weekly) without using contraception, also the involuntary inability to conceive and produce viable offspring when the couple chooses. Primary infertility occurs in a couple who have never conceived; secondary infertility occurs in a couple who have conceived at least once before.
  19. Basal Body Temperature
    Body temperature at rest
  20. Teratogenesis
    The production of birth defects in embryos and fetuses
  21. Ectopic Pregnancy
    Implantation of fertilized ovum in any area other than the uterus; the most common site is the fallopian tube
  22. Carrier
    A carrier is an individual who carries and is capable of passing on a genetic mutation associated with diseases and may or may not display disease symptoms. Carriers are associated with diseases inherited as recessive traits. In order to have the disease, the individual must have inherited mutated alleles from both parents. An individual having one normal allele and one mutated allele does not have the disease. Two carriers may produce children with the disease.
  23. Dominant Trait
    A trait that will appear in the offspring if one of the parents contributes it.
  24. Mutation
    Change in a gene that usually affects its function. Mutations may be either the gametes or the somatic cells.
  25. Recessive Trait
    A trait that must be contributed by both parents in order to appear in the offspring.
  26. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
    A general term for infection of the uterus lining, fallopian tubes, or ovaries (PID)
  27. Healthy People 2020
    Serves as the foundation for prevention efforts across the US Dept of Health and Human Services. Healthy People supports DHHS efforts to create a healthier nation.