Module 2.txt

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  1. What is Kinesiology?
    Kinesiology is the scientific study of human movement.

    Kinesiology examines the way muscles interact. It is essential for coaches to study kinesiology to ensure that prescribed exercises are the proper exercises to meet each independent goal.
  2. What is the KINETIC CHAIN?
    the “chain” of systems that “link” together to create human movement.
  3. What systems make up the Kinetic Chain?
    • Nervous System
    • Skeletal System
    • Muscular System
  4. Anatomical Position
    A position of standing erect with the palms facing forward or forearms externally rotated (su- pinated).
  5. Anatomical Neutral
    position with the palms facing the body

    Fundamental starting position
  6. What are the three planes of motion?
    • 1 - Sagittal plane
    • 2 - Frontal Plane
    • 3 - Horizontal Plane
  7. What is the Sagittal Plane?
    Sagittal plane divides the body into right and left halves
  8. What is the Frontal Plane?
    The Frontal Plane divides the body into front and back halves?
  9. What is the Horizontal Plane?
    The Horizontal Plane divides the body into top and bottom halves
  10. What's another name for Horizontal Plane?
    Transverse Plane
  11. What does the Anatomical Axis of Motion describe?
    The anatomical axis of motion describes a movement that occurs in a plane along an axis running perpendicular to the plane.
  12. On what Axis of motion does movement on the Horizontal Plane revolve?
    Movement in the horizontal plane revolves around the longitudinal axis

    Example: The movement of turning and rotating the neck to look left and right (cervical rotation) revolves about the longitudinal axis.
  13. On what Axis of Motion does movement in the frontal plane revolve.

    Movement in the frontal plane revolves about the anterior-posterior axis.

    EXAMPLE: The movement of raising the arm away from the body and out to the side (a lateral raise or shoulder abduction) is about the anterior-posterior axis.
  14. On what Axis of Motion does movement in the Sagittarius plane revolve?

    Movement in the sagittal plane revolves about the coronal axis.

    EXAMPLE: The movement of kicking the leg forward (hip flexion) is about the coronal axis.
  15. Name 15 Anatomical Movement Descriptors?
    • Anterior (ventral)
    • Posterior (dorsal)
    • Superior
    • Inferior
    • Medial
    • Lateral
    • Proximal
    • Distal
    • Unilateral
    • Superficial
    • Deep
    • Cephalic
    • Caudal
    • Supine
    • Prone
  16. Define Anterior or ventral.
    Anterior - In front of the body
  17. Define Posterior or dorsal
    Behind or back of the body
  18. Define Superior
    Above a reference point
  19. Define Inferior
    Below or beneath a reference point
  20. Define Medial
    A position relatively closer to the midline of the body
  21. Define Lateral
    A position relatively further away from the midline of the body
  22. Define Proximal
    Position closer to a reference point
  23. Define Distal
    A position farther from a reference point
  24. Define Unilateral
    Refer to only one side
  25. Define superficial
    Close to the surface
  26. Define Deep
    Further beneath the surface
  27. Define Cephalic
    Towards the heads
  28. Define Caudal
    Towards the bottom
  29. Define Supine
    Lying on your back
  30. Define Prone
    Lying face down
  31. What are the Sagittal Plane Movements (about the Coronal Axis)?

  32. What is Flexion?
    A bending movement where the relative angle between two adjacent segments decreases
  33. What is Extension?
    A bending movement where the relative angle between two adjacent segments increases
  34. What is Hyperextension?
    Extension beyond Anatomical Neutral
  35. What are the Frontal Plane Movements (about the Anterior-Posterior Axis)?

  36. What is Abduction?
    Movement away from the midline of the body
  37. What is adduction?
    Movement towards the midline of the body
  38. What are the Transverse Plane Movements (about the Longitudinal Axis)?
    Internal/Medial Rotation

    External/Lateral Rotation
  39. What is internal/medial rotation?
    The rotation of a body part toward the midline (inside) of the body
  40. What is external/lateral rotation?
    The rotation of a body part away the midline (inside) of the body
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Module 2.txt
2014-01-12 09:38:12
ITCA triathlon coaching

International Triathlon Coaching Association Certification
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