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What is Kinesiology?
Kinesiology is the scientific study of human movement.
Kinesiology examines the way muscles interact. It is essential for coaches to study kinesiology to ensure that prescribed exercises are the proper exercises to meet each independent goal.
What is the KINETIC CHAIN?
the “chain” of systems that “link” together to create human movement.
What systems make up the Kinetic Chain?
- Nervous System
- Skeletal System
- Muscular System
A position of standing erect with the palms facing forward or forearms externally rotated (su- pinated).
position with the palms facing the body
Fundamental starting position
What are the three planes of motion?
- 1 - Sagittal plane
- 2 - Frontal Plane
- 3 - Horizontal Plane
What is the Sagittal Plane?
Sagittal plane divides the body into right and left halves
What is the Frontal Plane?
The Frontal Plane divides the body into front and back halves?
What is the Horizontal Plane?
The Horizontal Plane divides the body into top and bottom halves
What's another name for Horizontal Plane?
What does the Anatomical Axis of Motion describe?
The anatomical axis of motion describes a movement that occurs in a plane along an axis running perpendicular to the plane.
On what Axis of motion does movement on the Horizontal Plane revolve?
Movement in the horizontal plane revolves around the longitudinal axis
Example: The movement of turning and rotating the neck to look left and right (cervical rotation) revolves about the longitudinal axis.
On what Axis of Motion does movement in the frontal plane revolve.
Movement in the frontal plane revolves about the anterior-posterior axis.
EXAMPLE: The movement of raising the arm away from the body and out to the side (a lateral raise or shoulder abduction) is about the anterior-posterior axis.
On what Axis of Motion does movement in the Sagittarius plane revolve?
Movement in the sagittal plane revolves about the coronal axis.
EXAMPLE: The movement of kicking the leg forward (hip flexion) is about the coronal axis.
Name 15 Anatomical Movement Descriptors?
- Anterior (ventral)
- Posterior (dorsal)
Define Anterior or ventral.
Anterior - In front of the body
Define Posterior or dorsal
Behind or back of the body
Above a reference point
Below or beneath a reference point
A position relatively closer to the midline of the body
A position relatively further away from the midline of the body
Position closer to a reference point
A position farther from a reference point
Refer to only one side
Close to the surface
Further beneath the surface
Towards the heads
Towards the bottom
Lying on your back
Lying face down
What are the Sagittal Plane Movements (about the Coronal Axis)?
What is Flexion?
A bending movement where the relative angle between two adjacent segments decreases
What is Extension?
A bending movement where the relative angle between two adjacent segments increases
What is Hyperextension?
Extension beyond Anatomical Neutral
What are the Frontal Plane Movements (about the Anterior-Posterior Axis)?
What is Abduction?
Movement away from the midline of the body
What is adduction?
Movement towards the midline of the body
What are the Transverse Plane Movements (about the Longitudinal Axis)?
What is internal/medial rotation?
The rotation of a body part toward the midline (inside) of the body
What is external/lateral rotation?
The rotation of a body part away the midline (inside) of the body
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