Quiz Ch 1, 2, and 3

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noah.aisner
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25611
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Quiz Ch 1, 2, and 3
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2010-07-03 18:01:40
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Quiz Ch 1, 2, and 3
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  1. Which of the following phases of human lung development occurs from 17 to 26 weeks of gestation, and is characterized by the formation of a capillary network around airway passages?
    A. Pseudoglandular
    B. Alveolar
    C. Canalicular
    D. Saccular
    C. Canalicular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Regarding postnatal lung growth, by approximately what age do most of the alveoli that will be present in the lungs for life develop?
    A. 6 months
    B. l year
    C. 1.5 years
    D. 2 years
    C. 1.5 years
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following mechanisms appear to explain why oligohydramnios is associated with lung hypoplasia?
    I. Abnormal carbohydrate metabolism
    II. Mechanical restriction of the chest wall
    III. Interference with fetal breathing
    IV. Failure to produce fetal lung liquid
    A. II, III, and IV only
    B. I, II, and IV only
    C. I and III only
    D. II and III only
    A. II, III, and IV only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. What is the purpose of the material secreted by the type II pneumocyte?
    A. To increase the gas exchange surface area
    B. To reduce surface tension
    C. To maintain lung elasticity
    D. To preserve the volume of the amniotic fluid
    B. To reduce surface tension
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which the following vascular networks is the major source of fetal lung liquid?
    A. Systemic circulation
    B. Pulmonary circulation
    C. Pulmonary lymphatics
    D. Bronchial circulation
    B. Pulmonary circulation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. What is the function of Wharton’s jelly inside the umbilical cord?
    A. To prevent the vessels inside the cord from kinking
    B. To regulate the temperature between the fetus and the mother
    C. To help provide nutrition to the fetus
    D. To help protect the fetus
    A. To prevent the vessels inside the cord from kinking
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. During the third gestational week, which of the following organs is the first to form?
    A. Lungs
    B. Heart
    C. Brain
    D. Kidneys
    B. Heart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What is the approximate fetal heart rate by the sixth week of gestation?
    A. 60 beats/minute
    B. 80 beats/minute
    C. 120 beats/minute
    D. 95 beats/minute
    D. 95 beats/minute
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following anatomic structures constitute fetal shunts?
    I. Foramen ovale
    II. Sinus venosus
    III. Ductus venosus
    IV. Ductus arteriosus
    A. III and IV only
    B. I, II, and Ill only
    C. II, Ill, and IV only
    D. I, II, and IV only
    A. III and IV only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following events causes cessation of right-to-left shunt through the foramen ovale?
    A. Increased levels of Pa0 in the blood of the neonate
    B. Increased systemic vascular resistance
    C. Decreased levels of PaCO in the blood of the newborn
    D. Removal of the placenta, causing lowered blood volume returning to the right side of the fetal heart
    B. Increased systemic vascular resistance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following events or conditions is the most important risk factor for preterm birth?
    A. Prior preterm delivery
    B. Preterm premature rupture of the fetal membranes
    C. Cervical insufficiency
    D. Obstetrical intervention mandated by fetal jeopardy
    A. Prior preterm delivery
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. What is generally accepted as a safe limit for alcohol consumption during pregnancy to avoid the development of fetal alcohol syndrome?
    A. One to two 8-ounce drinks per day are considered acceptable.
    B. Four to five 8-ounce drinks per week are considered safe.
    C Three to four 12-ounce drinks per week are considered reasonable.
    D. No safe range of alcohol consumption is deemed safe during pregnancy.
    D. No safe range of alcohol consumption is deemed safe during pregnancy.
  13. What is the average birth weight difference between infants born of mothers who smoke and those of nonsmoking mothers?
    A. Infants born of mothers who smoke are generally about 400 g lighter than infants born of nonsmoking mothers.
    B. Infants born of mothers who smoke tend to be about 200 g lighter than infants born of mothers who do not smoke.
    C. Infants born of mothers who smoke are predisposed to weigh approximately 600 g less than infants born of mothers who do not smoke.
    D. Infants of mothers who smoke are likely to be born about 800 g lighter than those born of mothers who do not smoke.
    B. Infants born of mothers who smoke tend to be about 200 g lighter than infants born of mothers who do not smoke.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following conditions are associated with preeclampsia?
    I. Multiparity
    II. Proteinuria
    III. Generalized edema
    IV. Hypertension
    A. II and III only
    B. I III, and IV only
    C. I, II, and III only
    D. II, III, and IV only
    D. II, III, and IV only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following maternal and/or fetal conditions are associated with pregestational diabetes?
    I. Hydrops fetalis
    II. Ketoacidosis
    III. Preeclampsia
    IV. Fetal death
    A. II, III, and IV only
    B. I, III, and IV only
    C. I and II only
    D. II and III only
    A. II, III, and IV only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which of the following drugs is recommended to treat a group B Streptococcus infection for a patient who is allergic to penicillin?
    A Vancomycin
    B. Clindamycin
    C. Ampicillin
    D. Ketoconazole
    B. Clindamycin
  17. What is the main potential problem associated with the premature rupture of membranes?
    A. Maternal renal failure
    B. Fetal infection
    C. Maternal hypotension
    D. Fetal dehydration
    B. Fetal infection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which of the following maternal or fetal conditions can be determined or assessed via
    amniocentesis?
    I. Maternal Rh isoimmunization
    II. Trisomy 21
    III. Placenta previa
    IV. Placental abruption
    A. II, III, and IV only
    B. III and IV only
    C. I, II, and III only
    D. I and II only
    D. I and II only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following maternal complications are associated with cesarean section?
    I. lntraoperative bladder or bowel injuries
    II. Endomyometritis
    III. Failure to progress in labor
    IV. Placenta previa
    A. I, II and III only
    B. II, III, and IV only
    C. I and II only
    D. III and IV only
    C. I and II only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. How should the therapist interpret an amniotic fluid index of 5 cm?
    A. Oligohydramnios
    B. Anhydramnios
    C. Multihydramnios
    D. Polyhydramnios
    A. Oligohydramnios
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. A fetus is undergoing a contraction stress test. Uterine contractions are stimulated by the intravenous infusion of oxytocin into the mother. The fetal P0 drops below 12 mm Hg and causes the fetal heart rate to slow. Which of the following conditions is likely indicated by this occurrence?
    A. Oligohydramnios
    B. Nuchal cords
    C. Placenta abruption
    D. Uteroplacental insufficiency
    D. Uteroplacental insufficiency
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. How should the therapist interpret a fetal biophysical profile score of 7?
    A. The fetus appears to be normal.
    B. The fetus requires careful evaluation and possibly immediate delivery.
    C. The data are inconclusive and the profile needs to be redone immediately.
    D. The fetus requires another biophysical profile in 24 hours.
    A. The fetus appears to be normal.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. In lieu of obtaining a scalp blood gas sample, what can the therapist do to conduct intrapartum sessment of the fetus?
    A Fetal scalp stimulation
    B. Umbilical cord blood sampling
    C. Placental blood sampling
    D. Biophysical profile
    A Fetal scalp stimulation
  24. Which of the following medications are used as tocolytics?
    I. Magnesium sulfate
    II. Sodium bicarbonate
    III. Calcium carbonate
    IV. Indomethacin LA.
    A. III and IV only
    B. II and III only
    C. I, II, and III only
    D. I and IV only
    D. I and IV only
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following outcomes is associated with intrapartum amnioinfusion of postterm infants demonstrating meconium-stained amniotic fluid?
    A. The data are inconclusive.
    B. This procedure reduces the rate of cesarean deliveries.
    C. This practice places the fetal heart into failure from volume overload.
    D. The procedure is beneficial for postterm infants having oligohydramnios.
    B. This procedure reduces the rate of cesarean deliveries.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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