Theology Semester Exam

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Theology Semester Exam
2014-01-12 14:00:40
Theology Semester Exam
Semester Exams
Theology Semester Exam
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  1. a literary form that uses symbolic images, stories, and names to point to a deeper truth
    figurative language
  2. different kinds of writing determined by their literary technique, content, tone, and purpose (how the author wants the reader to be affected)
    literary forms
  3. original state of human beings in their relationship with God, sharing in the divine life in full communion with him
    original holiness
  4. the state of complete harmony of our first parents with themselves, with each other, and with all of creation
    original justice
  5. the sin of the first human beings who disobeyed God's command by choosing to follow their own will and thus lost their original holiness and became subject to death; the fallen state of human nature that affects every person born into the world
    original sin
  6. -- the tendency of all human beings toward sin, as a result of Original Sin
  7. spiritual beings who are the servants and messengers of God.
  8. the fallen angel or spirit of evil who is the enemy of God and a continuing instigator of temptation and sin in the world
  9. the second coming of Christ at the end of time, fully realizing God's plan and the glorification of humanity
  10. From the Latin, meaning "to become flesh", referring to the biblical Revelation that Jesus is both true God and true man.
  11. The event in which the Archangel Gabriel came to Mary to announce that she had found favor with God and would become the mother of the Messiah.
  12. The dogma that Mary was conceived without Original Sin and remained free from personal sin throughout her entire life.
    Immaculate Conception
  13. the act of atoning for sin or wrongdoing.
  14. Also called the Mass of Lord's Supper, and based on a word for "thanksgiving," it is the central Christian liturgical celebration, established by Jesus at the Last Supper. In the Eucharist the sacrificial death and Resurrection of Jesus are both remembered and renewed. The term sometimes refers specifically to the consecrated bread and wine that have become the Body and Blood of Christ.
    Eucharist, the
  15. The night the Lord passed over the houses of the Israelites marked by the blood of the lamb, and spared the firstborn sons from death. It also is the feast that celebrates the deliverance of the Chosen People from bondage in Egypt and the Exodus from Egypt to the Promised Land.
  16. From the Latin redemption, meaning "a buying back"; to redeem something is to pay the price for its freedom. In the Old Testament, it refers to Yahweh's deliverance of Israel and , in the New Testament, to Christ's deliverance of all Christians from the forces of sin. Christ our Redeemer paid the price to free us from te slavery of sin and bring about our redemption.
  17. The virtue by which people are able to successfully and healthfully integrate their sexuality into their total person; recognized as one of the fruits of the Holy Spirit. Also one of the vows of religious life.
  18. The recognition of our deep need for God and the commitment to put God above everything else in life, particularly above the accumulation of material wealth.
    poverty of heart
  19. The "interior voice" of a person, a God-given sense of the law of God. Moral conscience leads people to understand themselves as responsible for their actions, and prompts them to do good and avoid evil. To make good judgments, one needs to have a well-formed conscience.
  20. To focus strictly on what the law requires without considering the truth the law is intended to promote. Jesus taught that all law must be an expression of love for God and love for our neighbor.
  21. God Saves
  22. Greek for Messiah
  23. Can refer to God's sngels
    Son of god
  24. Respectful substitute for YHWH
  25. 5 events of Paschal Mystery
    • Life
    • Passion
    • Death
    • Resurrection
    • Ascension
  26. Define Death
    Jesus fulfilling God's plan to restore his relationship with humanity
  27. define resurrection
    the passage of Jesus from death to new life on the third day
  28. define ascension
    the "going up" into heaven of the risen Christ forty days after his Resurrection.
  29. define protoevangelium
    • Literal: the origin of disagreement between snakes and man.
    • Spiritual: God's first promise of salvation, to save us from the effects of the Fall.
  30. Cite Protoevangelium
    "I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers, He will strike at your head while you strike at his heel."
  31. Canticle of Zechariah
    • The canticle of Zechariah, a joyful prayer, was a prayer of Thanksgiving uttered by Zechariah when his son, John the Baptist, was born. The prayer has references to the Exile in Egypt and the deliverance of the Chosen People. The Canticle also refers to a common Jewish saying "protect us from the hands of our enemies", which was important because the Jews were being pursued by many. The Jews only waited for God to help them, they did not jump to fight wars, like many other nations.
    • "He has raised up for us a mighty savior, born of the house of his servant David."This line not only refers to the promise God made to David but also Jesus, a descendant of David, as our Messiah. "To give his people knowledge of salvation by the forgiveness of their sins." This refers to the Jewish mindset that if they stray from God they will fall into the hands of their enemies. They also thought that if they kept holy God would "protect them from the hands of their enemies."