honors world studies 2 ppl

Card Set Information

Author:
Curstyn
ID:
256215
Filename:
honors world studies 2 ppl
Updated:
2014-01-14 14:37:24
Tags:
curstyns cards
Folders:

Description:
honors world studies 2 sr. cheryl people for final exams
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Curstyn on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Napoleon Bonaparte
    • -Born in Corsica 1769
    • - promising artillery student
    • - gains repuatation defending National Convention
    • - Savior of the Republic
    • - Becomes a general
  2. Marie Antoinette
    • -1770s-80s
    • -Extravagant Lifestyle
    • - spent the monarchy into debt
    • -Madame Deficit
    • -Louis XVI's wife
    • - most famous line she never said "then let them eat cake"
    • -interfered with the gov. offered Louis poor advice
    • -member of Austrian royal family - France's long time enemy caused her to be disliked from the beginning
    • -spent too much money on gowns, jewels, gambling and gifts
  3.  
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
  4. Maximilien Robespierre
    • - one of the Jacobin leaders ( extreme radicals defenders of the revolution)
    • - "republic of virtue" by wiping out all of France's past
    • -1793 leader of Committe of  Public Safety
    • -1794 ruled France as a dictator
    • - Reign of Terror
    • -"Kill the king, Kill the revolution."
  5. Louis XVI
    • -Supported American Revolution
    • -Initatied government spending cutting measures
    • - Tried to force the First and Second Estates to pay taxes
    • -Summoned the Estates General to Versailles to begin taxing nobility
    • -sank France into deep debt with his wife Madame Deficit
  6. Josephine de Beauharnais
    • -Napoleon's 1st wife
    • -widow of man executed during Revolution
    • - Leader of Paris Society
  7. Giuseppe Mazzini
    • -Nationalist, idea maker working in Italy
    • -led a Revolt in Rome
    • - founder of Young Italy
  8. Camillo di Cavour
    Priminster of Piedmont-Sardinia, appointed by Victor Emmanuel
  9. Giuseppe Garibaldi
    • -nationalist
    • -conquered Sicily and moved north claiming the territory as he progressed  
    • -leader of the Red Shirts
    • - united his southern claimed territories with Piedmont-Sardinia
  10. Otto von Bismarck
    • -one of Wilheim's Junkers who he appointed Prime Minister
    • -ruled by "blood and iron" (force= blood, industry=iron) and realpolitik (politics of power; do whatever to earn, at all costs; doesn't contain idealism; politics of reality in German)
    • -unified Germany
    • -wanted to maintain peace in Europe
  11. Alexander II
    • - Czar Nicholas' son
    • - abolished serfdom, however the emancipation did nothing because the serfs were bound to their overseers land by their debts
    • -assainated in 1881 by terrorists
  12. Alexander III
    • -Alexander II's heir
    • -lightened czarist control
    • -encouraged industries
    • - built railroads
  13. Eli Whitney
    -inventor of the cotton gin
  14. Richard Arkwright
    • - 1769 British barber
    • - patented the water frame (water powered spinning machine)
    • - later powered by steam
  15. George Stephenson
    • - 1821
    • - world's first railroad
    • - developed a steam powered locomotive to pull carriages long iron rails
    • - the "rocket"
  16. James Watt
    • -1765 Scottish engineer
    • - improved Newcomen's steam engine
    • - smaller and more efficent
    • - used rotary motion
  17. Robert Fulton
    • - 1807 American Inventor
    • - He placed James Watt's steam engine on a river boat
    • - first steamboat
    • - tested on the Hudson River
    • - "Clemont"
  18. Edmund Cartwright
    • - 1787 British weaver
    • - Invented the power loom
    • -Water power
    • -speed up the weaving process
  19. Adam Smith
    • -Scottish Economist
    • - University of Glasgow
    • - wrote the Wealth of Nations
    • - Self-Interest
    • -Competition
    • - Supply and Demand
  20. Karl Marx
    • - German Philosopher
    • - Scientific Socialism
    • - Forced out of Prussia then left Paris and settled in London
  21. Fredrich Engels
    • -collaborated w/ Karl Marx
    • - published The Conditions of the Working Class in England
  22. Emmeline Pankhurst
    -founder of the WSPU 1903
  23. Daniel O'Connell
    • - Irish Leader
    • - persuaded British Parliament to pass the Catholic Emancipation ACt in 1829 restoring rights to Catholics
  24. Abraham Lincoln
    • -16th president of the US
    • - Former Illionis senator turned president
    • - Wanted to save the Union at all costs
    • - Opposed extending slavery into the new territories
  25. Thomas Edison
    • - American Inventor 1870
    • -Made the first incandescent light bulb
    • - Not the first electric
    • -Tungsten; meant to substitute the carosene in the lightbulb
  26. Samuel F.B. Morse
    • - Device by which coded messages could be sent over wires
    • - messages could be sent long distances in short period of time by diff. sounds
    • - Morse code
    • - Learn the code to read the transmitted messages
    • - First used by the Titanic, the message was S.O.S, through the wireless
  27. Alexander Graham Bell
    • - American Inventor 1876
    • - invented the telephone 
    • -voice messages could be transmitted through wires
  28. Henry Ford
    • - Early 1900s American automobile maker
    • - Used the assembly line to mass produce cars
    • - US became the world's leading automobile manufacturer
  29. Wilbur & Orville Wright
    • - American bicycle makers
    • - 2903 - Kitty Hawk, NC
    • - first man-powered flight
  30. Louis Pasteur
    • - French chemist
    • - discovered bacteria/germs
    • - if they could be killed disease could be prevented
  31. Joseph Lister
    • -English Surgeon
    • -Infection
    • - Carbolic acid vould be used to sterilize medical instruments
    • - Antiseptics
  32. Charles Darwin
    • - British naturalist
    • - On the Origin of the Species
    • - Adaption - plants and animals
    • -survival of the fittest (competition)
    • - Theory of Evolution
  33. David Livingstone
    • - Scottish Missionary
    • - traveled to the interior of Africa to promote Christianity
  34. Henry Stanley
    - reporter who found Livingstone on the shores of Lake Tanganyika in 1871
  35. Ram Mohun Roy
    • - began a campaign to modernize India
    • His reforms were
    • - move from traditional Indian practices
    • - end arranged child marriages
    • - end the rigid caste system
    • - modernization and westernization
    • - Believed that if India did not subdue to these changes, India would continue to be ruled for foreigners
  36. King Mongkut
    • -He and his son Chulalongkorn kept Siam a neutral zone between Burma (British controlled and Indochina (French)
    • -Mongkut was schooled as a Western thinker
    • - Mongkut formed treaties with these two countries that his son would later renegotiate
    • - Reforms under King Mongkut:
    • schools, reformed the legal system, reorganized the gov., built railroads, telegraph system, ended slavery
  37. Queen Liluokalani
    1892 she ruled Hawaii and called for anew constitution to increase her power. A group of American buisnessman overthrew her in 1893 thus removing her from power
  38.  Matthew Perry
    - July 1853 he delivered the demands (with his American fleet) that Japan opened its ports to commercial and diplomatic exchange along with the threat to return with a larger fleet for the response
  39. James Monroe
    • - issued The Monroe Doctrine
    • - legally unbound America from any outside colonization of European powers but was not enforced until 1898, (75 years later)
  40. Theodore Roosevelt
    • - American President
    • - Extended the Monroe Doctrine with the issuing of the Roosevelt Corollary which the US would use to justify interventions into Latin America
    • -helped draft peace treaties between the Japanese and Russians
  41. Millard Fillmore
    - wrote the letter delivered by Perry asking the Japanese shogun to end its isolation and allow free trade between their country and the US
  42. Kaiser Wilhelm II
    • 1888 - King of Prussia
    • Forced Bismarck to resign
    • Started a shipbuilding program which ultimately only broke treaties and alarmed Great Britain
    • - forced resignation
  43. Benito Juarez
    • - liberal reformer
    • - worked primarily to serve his country
    • - came to power during the downfall of Santa Anna as he strongly influenced Mexican political issues    
    • - created the La Reforma to redistribute land, seperate church and state, and education for the poor
    • - sent into exile with other leaders by Santa Anna
    • - uprose against Santa Anna brought down his government
  44. Santa Anna
    • - played a leading role in Mexico's fight for independence from Spain
    • - support a measure one year and oppose it the next to keep himself in power
    • -Between 1833-55 he served four presidential terms
    • - gave up presidency twice to help lead the Mexican army in an effort to retain the territory of Texas
    • -head of Mexican Army at the time of Alamo
  45. Archduke Francis Ferdinand
    -his assassination led to the "the spark";  Austria declaring war on Serbia because the person who assained him was Serbian, that was the excuse, Austria gave Serbia demands they could not meet then declared war on them
  46. Gavrilo Princip
    • - Assain of Francis Ferdinand
    • - Serbian
    • - Member of the Black Hand
  47. Duke of Wellington
    - beat Napoleon at Waterloo; this is the battle during Napoleon's 100 days after exile
  48. Empress Cixi
    • -Dowager Emperess that kept coming into power
    • -stopped the younger emperor from making reforms
    • - sent her people to other country's to learn                                   
  49. Vladimir Lenin
    • communist that takes over after the end of the provisional government due to the fall of the czar in Russia
    • wants Russia to be communist
    • has Russia withdraw from the war once communism becomes the style of gov. 
    • rules Russia from 1917-1979
  50. Shaka
    • -ruler of the Zulu in South Africa, led a tribe which was highly disciplined and military organized
    • - Shaka's successors could not maintain unity against the superior British weapons (spears vs. guns)
    • - Cetshwayo, one of the successors, fought the British at the Battle of Ulun (1879) and lost the kingdom
    • -Zulu nation fell to the British Control in 1887
  51. Woodrow Wilson
    • -United States president at the time of war
    • - For his first term the US managed to maintain neutral so for the second term he ran on the slogan "He kept the country out of war"
    • -After his re-election he was forced to engage in war
    • - At the fall of the war he was the peacemaker and attempted to draft many peace treaty ; attended the Paris Peace Conference wrote Wilson's 14 Points
    • - As a compromise the Treaty of Versailles was created, which Wilson also helped draft, he included the League of Nations
    • - "peace without victory"
  52. Czar Nicolas II
    - last emperor of Russia
  53. William Howard Taft

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview