".....these two hours of play." (Romeo and Juliet)
Act 1: Introduces problem
Act 3: Climax (Prompting the final deed)
Act 5: Tragic Deed (Blood bath)
Acts 2 and 4: Filler
Aristotle Tragic Hero
Real and believable
Appropraite to gender and position
Shakespears twist on form
Supernatural involvment: Ussually acts 1 and 3, replaces oracle with supernatural force, suicide, murder motivated by revenge or ambition (greek tragedies - murders are usually accidental)
Comic relief: shakespear invented it, uses it to keep audience engaged
Unhealthy love relationships
Soliloquy: character alone on stage thinking out loud, getting inside character head
The English Renaissance (1485-1625)
A rebirth of classical thought
Impact of humanism: popular acess to written language, printing press, widespread usage of vernacular, reulting standardization (grammer, spelling), oxford and cambridges expansion (idea, size), "public education" (essentially private schools, as opposed to private tutors)
What is tragedy?
Has magnitue (morally important)
Complete in itsself
What emotions shoudl it arouse?
Pity and fear (must have both)
Have to feel sorry for the character
Fear same tragedy could happen to us
What is meant by "language with pleasurable accessories"?
What is the most important element in a tragedy?
Combination of the incidence
What is second important element in tragedy?
Character****(We need a character to relate to, pity and fear)
What are the parts of (Greek) Tragedy?
Parode and Astasimon (Chorus Parts) - help set up and morally digest the play
What plots are to be avioded?
Good man from happy to misery
Bad man from misery to happiness
Extremely bad man from happiness to misery
What must the perfect plot include?
Not a two problem story (double plot)
Has to be from happy to misery cause of action on characters part
Main character must realize that he started it
In horror the characters are victims
What can and what should produce pity and fear?
Dont want to do it through narration
Whatis "tragic pleasure" and how does a poet create it?
Pity and Fear acted on stage
Sense that one life is better than theres
What distinguishes horror from pity?
In horror the character doesnt deserve what they are getting (they are the victim)
Pity is because of the characters realization
of causing the problem(when it is too late)
What should be expected of the main character?
Good and appropriate (gender and position)
Cant be a slave or women
What is "artifice" and how does it hurt the play?
Has to do with what is probable vs. improbable
What are the 6 kinds of discovery and which is best?
Least effective is by sign
Made directly by the poet
Best: Through plot
What are the three keys to making a plot work on stage?