A&P Quiz 1

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Anonymous
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256299
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A&P Quiz 1
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2014-01-13 20:05:20
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A&P
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A&P
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  1. Anatomy
    the study of the structure of an organism
  2. Physiology
    the study of the function of te living organism and its parts as well as chemical processes involved.
  3. Anatomical Position
    Body facing forward with eyes straight ahead with arms to the side and the toes of the feet and the palms of the hands facing forward.
  4. Coronal Plane
    Vertical plane that divides the body into front and back parts
  5. Sagittal Plane
    Vertical Plane that divides the body into left and right parts.
  6. Transverse Plane
    Horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower parts.
  7. Anterior
    Front
  8. Posterior
    Back
  9. Caudal
    Closer to the tail
  10. Cranial/Rostral
    Closer to the head
  11. Central
    Located centrally
  12. Peripheral
    Located in the periphery
  13. Contra-
    Opposite side
  14. Ipsi-
    Same side
  15. Deep
    Away from the body surface
  16. Superficial
    Toward the body surface
  17. Distal
    Away from the point of origin
  18. Proximal
    Toward the point of origin
  19. Dorsal
    Toward the Back
  20. Ventral
    Towards the Belly
  21. Ecto-
    Outer
  22. Endo-
    Inner
  23. External
    Outside
  24. Internal
    Inside
  25. Extrinsic
    Coming from the Outside
  26. Intrinsic
    Coming from Within
  27. Inferior
    Below
  28. Superior
    Above
  29. Infra-
    Below
  30. Supra-
    Above
  31. Lateral
    Towards the Side
  32. Medial
    Toward the Middle
  33. Post-
    After
  34. Pre-
    before
  35. Prone
    Face Down
  36. Supine
    Face up
  37. Striated Muscle
    • Has strip-like appearance 
    • Used to move the Skeleton
    • Voluntary
  38. Smooth Muscle
    • Sheet-like and smooth appearance
    • Found in digestive tract and blood vessels;
    • Controls size, shape, and movements of visceral organs 
    • Involuntary
  39. Cardiac Muscle
    • Striated in a net-like appearance
    • Found in walls of the Heart
    • Pumps blood
    • Involuntary
  40. Point of Attachment (Insertion)
    Part of the muscle that moves when its contracted.
  41. Agonist
    Muscle that moves a structure.
  42. Antagonist
    Muscle that imposes a movement
  43. Synergists
    Muscles used to stabilize (not necessarily move) the body
  44. Four Basic Tissues
    • Epithelial
    • Connective
    • Muscular
    • Nervous
  45. Epithelial Tissue
    • Lines cavities of the body
    • Combines to form skin
  46. Connective Tissue
    Supportive tissue: ligaments, cartilage, etc.
  47. Muscular Tissue
    Contracts when stimulated
  48. Nervous Tissue
    Used to transmit information from one neuron to another
  49. Ligaments
    Something that binds
  50. Visceral
    Binds organs together
  51. Skeletal
    Binds bne to bone
  52. Tendon
    • Attaches muscle to bone/cartilage
    • Is a part of the muscle
    • Always binds muscle to another structure
  53. Basic Systems of the Body
    • Muscular 
    • Skeletal 
    • Respiratory 
    • Digestive
    • Reproductive
    • Urinary 
    • Endocrine 
    • Nervous
  54. Ingressive Sounds
    Sounds made on incoming air
  55. Egressive Sounds
    Sounds made on Outgoing air
  56. Chest Expansion Vertically
    Contracting Diaphragm
  57. Chest Expansion Transversally
    Raised rib cage and move to the left and right
  58. Chest Expansion Anteroposteriorly
    Raised rib cage and moves forward
  59. Alveolar Air Sacs
    Where oxygen is passed into the bloodstream and carbon dioxide is removed
  60. Respiration
    Exchange of gas between an organism and its environment
  61. Inspiration
    Processes of drawing sir into the lungs for respiration
  62. Expiration
    Process of eliminating air from the respiratory system
  63. Clavicle
    Collar bone
  64. Scapula
    Shoulder blade
  65. Humerous
    Upper arm Bone
  66. Five  Divisions of Spinal Column
    • Cervical Vertebrae (C1-C7)
    • Thoracic Vertebrae (T1-T12)
    • Lumbar Vertebrae (L1-L5)
    • Sacrum (S1-S5)
    • Coccyx (Fused)
  67. Corpus
    Body of vertebrae
  68. Point of Attachment for Ribs
    • Inferior Costal Facet
    • Superior Costal Facet
  69. Formen
    Opening in Vertebrae

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