arch history

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Author:
carstewa
ID:
25634
Filename:
arch history
Updated:
2010-07-03 22:55:46
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architecture
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slides 1 through 3
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  1. Thomas Cole, The Architect’s Dream, oil on canvas, 1840
  2. John Singleton Copley, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Izard (Alice Delancey), oil on canvas, 1775
  3. Reconstruction drawing, of a prehistoric hut, Terra Amata, near Nice, France, ca. 400,000 BC
  4. Painted caves at Lascaux, Dordogne, France, ca. 15000-13000 BC
  5. Carnac alignments, Brittany, France, ca. 4250-3750 BC
  6. Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire, England, ca. 2900-1400 BC
  7. Çatal Hüyük, Konya Plain, Anatolia, Turkey, ca. 6500-5700 BC
  8. a prehistoric tomb made of large upright stones, capped with a horizontal stone, and
    originally buried under an earth mound.
    dolmen
  9. a circle of upright stones or posts.
    henge
  10. a large stone.
    megalith
  11. a surface that is written or drawn upon, and then cleared and reused, often leaving trace
    remnants of the previous work.
    palimpsest
  12. construction using upright posts and horizontal lintels, not arches or vaults; also known
    as “post-and-beam” or “post-and-lintel” construction.
    trabeation
  13. building materials used for making walls, consisting of “wattle” or thin branches
    weaved between upright stakes, and reinforced by applying “daub” or a plaster-like substance over the wattle structure.
    wattle and daub
  14. Greek for “stone”
    lithos
  15. White Temple and Ziggurat, Uruk (Warka, Iraq), ca. 3500-3000 BC
  16. Stele with law code of Hammurabi, from Susa, Iran, basalt, ca. 1780 BC
  17. Statues of Gudea, including one holding temple plan, from Girsu, Iraq, diorite, ca. 2100 BC
  18. Ziggurat of Ur-Nammu, Ur, Iraq, ca. 2100 BC
  19. Citadel of Sargon II at Dur Sharrukin (Khorsabad, Iraq), ca. 720 BC
  20. Citadel of Sargon II at Dur Sharrukin (Khorsabad, Iraq), ca. 720 BC
  21. Lamassu figures and tribute bearers, gypsum, from Citadel of Sargon II at Dur Sharrukin, ca. 720 BC
  22. Ishtar Gate, Babylon (Iraq), glazed brick, ca. 575 BC
  23. in ancient Mesopotamia, an indirect approach into a temple or cella; generally gods
    entered into a temple on the long axis, while humans entered on the short axis and turned 90-degrees to approach the cult statue.
    bent-axis approach
  24. an asphalt of Asia Minor used in ancient times as a cement and mortar.
    bitumen
  25. the main room in a temple, housing the cult statue.
    cella
  26. an Assyrian guardian in the form of a human-headed winged bull.
    lamassu
  27. in ancient Mesopotamia, a pyramidal mound or tower built of mud-brick forming the
    base of a temple, usually stepped or having a broad ascent winding around it.
    ziggurat

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