The justices then vote to determine whether they want to review the case. If four justices (the "rule of four") agree the case is worthy of the Court's time, they will grant certiorari.
What jurisdiction does each level of court have?
District court: criminal cases, traffic violations, ect. 1 judge.
Appellate: review a case from district court
Supreme: 9 justices.
How are the federal courts structured?
1. District court
2. Appellate court
3. Supreme Court
What is the role of the judicial branch?
The function of the judicial branch of government is to maintain justice and ensure that no laws go against the Constitution
an opinion that disagrees with the court's disposition of the case
an opinion that agrees with the court's disposition of the case but is written to express a particular judge's reasoning
Amicus curiae brief
a brief presented by someone interested in influencing the outcome of a lawsuit but who is not a party to it
A concise statement or summary of a case
Writ of certiorari
Superior court demands the records of a case
Rule of four
Practice in the Supreme Court in which only 4 of the 9 justices are able to grant writ of certiorari
The designation given to a judge who is not the chief or presiding justice of the court on which he or she sits.
An associate judge is usually a member of an appellate court.
(the title of) the presiding judge in a supreme court.
a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
a hearing held by the US Senate to gather information on whether to approve or reject candidates for high federal office who are nominated by the president
Senate judiciary committee
Group of senators in charge of conducting hearings
a custom whereby presidential appointments are confirmed only if there is no objection to them by the senators from the appointee's state,
The jurisdiction after a second review of the case from the appellate court
When a court hears a case for the first time as opposed to hearing a case for the second time at appellate court
the official power to make legal decisions and judgments.
Highest judicial court in country. 9 chief justices
Court of the state, one judge
courts of appeal
Appellate court, they review a case a second time
The third article of the constitution that establishes the judicial branch of the federal government
Judicial interpretation that encourages judges to limit the excercise of their own power
An interpretation of the constitution with the current times in mind
Marbury v. Madison
Marbury went to Supreme Court because he didn't get his commission and he wanted James Madison to deliver the documents. The court ruled that Marbury should get his commission but Madison shouldn't do documents
review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.
the legal principle of determining points in litigation according to precedent.
An act or instance that may be used as an example in similar cases
Law that was established by the outcome of formal laws
System of law concerned with private relations between members of a community
System of law concerned with the punishment of those who commit crimes