Takeno government

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  1. How does the Supreme Court decide to do a case
    The justices then vote to determine whether they want to review the case. If four justices (the "rule of four") agree the case is worthy of the Court's time, they will grant certiorari.
  2. What jurisdiction does each level of court have?
    District court: criminal cases, traffic violations, ect. 1 judge.

    Appellate: review a case from district court

    Supreme: 9 justices.
  3. How are the federal courts structured?
    • 1. District court 
    • 2. Appellate court 
    • 3. Supreme Court
  4. What is the role of the judicial branch?
    The function of the judicial branch of government is to maintain justice and ensure that no laws go against the Constitution
  5. Dissenting opinion
    an opinion that disagrees with the court's disposition of the case
  6. Concurring opinion
    an opinion that agrees with the court's disposition of the case but is written to express a particular judge's reasoning
  7. Amicus curiae brief
    a brief presented by someone interested in influencing the outcome of a lawsuit but who is not a party to it
  8. Brief
    A concise statement or summary of a case
  9. Writ of certiorari
    Superior court demands the records of a case
  10. Rule of four
    Practice in the Supreme Court in which only 4 of the 9 justices are able to grant writ of certiorari
  11. Associate justice
    The designation given to a judge who is not the chief or presiding justice of the court on which he or she sits.

    An associate judge is usually a member of an appellate court.
  12. Chief Justice
    (the title of) the presiding judge in a supreme court.
  13. Impeachment
    a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
  14. Confirmation vote
    a hearing held by the US Senate to gather information on whether to approve or reject candidates for high federal office who are nominated by the president
  15. Senate judiciary committee
    Group of senators in charge of conducting hearings
  16. Senatorial curtsey
    a custom whereby presidential appointments are confirmed only if there is no objection to them by the senators from the appointee's state,
  17. Appellate jurisdiction
    The jurisdiction after a second review of the case from the appellate court
  18. Original jurisdiction
    When a court hears a case for the first time as opposed to hearing a case for the second time at appellate court
  19. Jurisdiction
    the official power to make legal decisions and judgments.
  20. Supreme court
    Highest judicial court in country. 9 chief justices
  21. district court
    Court of the state, one judge
  22. courts of appeal
    Appellate court, they review a case a second time
  23. Article III
    The third article of the constitution that establishes the judicial branch of the federal government
  24. Judicial restraint
    Judicial interpretation that encourages judges to limit the excercise of their own power
  25. Judicial activism
    An interpretation of the constitution with the current times in mind
  26. Marbury v. Madison
    Marbury went to Supreme Court because he didn't get his commission and he wanted James Madison to deliver the documents. The court ruled that Marbury should get his commission but Madison shouldn't do documents
  27. Judicial review
    review by the US Supreme Court of the constitutional validity of a legislative act.
  28. Stare decisis
    the legal principle of determining points in litigation according to precedent.
  29. Precedent
    An act or instance that may be used as an example in similar cases
  30. Case law
    Law that was established by the outcome of formal laws
  31. Civil law
    System of law concerned with private relations between members of a community
  32. Criminal law
    System of law concerned with the punishment of those who commit crimes
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Takeno government
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