Victor Gr. 7 French and Indian War

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  1. The French colonists, their Indian allies and the Algonquin were on the French side of the French and Indian war…. Who were they fighting?
    The French colonists, their Indian allies and the Algonquin fought against the English colonists, the Iroquois, and their Indian allies.
  2. Why was the French and Indian War fought?
    The French and Indian War was fought because of a dispute over which country had the right to control the Ohio River Valley.
  3. Who called the war "The French and Indian War?"
    The English called the war The French and Indian War.

    They knew who they were, they wanted to remember who they were fighting.
  4. What was the "French and Indian" war called in Europe?
    In Europe the "French and Indian War" was called the "Seven Years War."
  5. What was the name of the 21 year old "Surveyor" who tried to force the French to leave a fort they had built?
    The 21-year old "Surveyor" was named George Washington.
  6. Where was the fort the French had built located and what was the name of the fort?
    The French fort that the French refused to leave (starting the French and Indian War) was located in Pittsburgh and its name was Fort Duquesne. (pronounced Fort Dew-cane)
  7. At first George Washington was successful.  He attacked a French scouting party and killed 10 Frenchmen.  He also built a fort… What was the name of his fort?
    George Washington's fort was called…. Fort Necessity.
  8. What mistake did George Washington make when building Fort Necessity?
    George Washington built Fort Necessity on low ground.  When it started raining, the fort flooded, and soaked all their gun powder, leaving them defenseless.

    Washington was lucky to escape with his life.
  9. General Edward Braddock arrived from England in 1755, and along with Washington, attacked Fort Duquesne.

    However, Braddock was used to fighting European style (Each soldier in bright red coat, standing in a straight line, marching in an open field up to the enemy, and then firing.)

    Unfortunately, for him, the French and Indians did not fight this way and he did not listen to Benjamin Franklin's warning.. What happened when Braddock made his way to Fort Duquesne?
    As Braddock's force neared Fort Duquesne in early July, it was ambushed by French troops and their Native American allies.  More than half of Braddock's men were killed or wounded. Braddock was killed.
  10. What did the French and Indians wear to camouflage themselves in battle?
    The French and Indians wore animal skins to camouflage themselves.
  11. George Washington survived the battle at Fort Duquesne but had how many bullet holes in his coat?  How many of his horses were shot from under him?
    George Washington had four bullet holes in his coat and two of his horses were shot from under him.
  12. Even thought the British were defeated at Fort Duquesne George Washington became a hero.  Why?
    George Washington became a hero for his efforts to rally his troops and avoid defeat.
  13. What did Ben Franklin want the colonists to join?
    Ben Franklin wanted the colonists to join his Albany Plan of Union but the colonists did not want to join.

    The Albany Plan of Union was proposal by Benjamin Franklin aimed at a formation of a strong union of the colonies under one single government and direction.

    It was adopted by the Albany Congress with a few modifications.
  14. What year did The French and Indian War come to a climax (become most intense) and what French city did it end in?
    The French and Indian War came to climax in 1759 with British General Wolfe's surprise attack on the French city of Quebec.

    Both Wolfe and the French General Montcalm were killed in the battle, but the British captured Quebec.
  15. The fall of what French city led to the FINAL VICTORY for the British in The French and Indian War?
    The fall of Montreal led to the final victory for the British in The French and Indian War.
  16. Name the treaty that eventually ended The French and Indian War and what year was it signed?
    The Treaty of Paris officially ended The French and Indian War in 1763.
  17. What were the results of The French and Indian War?
    1. France gave her territory in North America to the British.

    2. Because Spain sided with France, she gave the British Florida.

    3.  France gave Louisiana to Spain to keep it out of British hands.
  18. What is a militia?
    A militia is a force made up of civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army.
  19. What is an alliance?
    An alliance is an agreement between nations or groups to help each other against other nations or groups.
  20. What does the word cede or ceded mean?
    To cede means to give up… to surrender.
  21. What areas of North America did Spain and England come into conflict?
    North America and Spain had conflict along the border between Georgia and Spanish Florida.
  22. What did France do to protect their land claims in North America?
    To protect their land claims in North America France built a system of forts.
  23. Why did the French and English compete over the Ohio River Valley?
    The French and English competed over the Ohio River Valley because it connected Canada and lands to the south along the Mississippi River.
  24. Why did many Native Americans choose to support the French in their conflict with England?
    The Native Americans thought the French were less likely to destroy hunting grounds by clearing land for farms like the English did.
  25. Which Native American tribes became allies with the English?
    The Iroquois became allies with the English.
  26. What territory did both France and England claim in North America in 1754?
    Both France and England claimed Canada in 1754.
  27. Why did British settlers call their conflict with France, the French and Indian War?
    The British settlers called it the French and Indian War because they were fighting France and its Indian allies.
  28. Name two advantages of the French.
    Two advantages of the French were…

    • 1.  The French had a single government that could quickly made decisions.
    • 2. The French had more Indian allies than the British.
  29. Name two advantages of the British...
    Two advantages of the British were...

    1. The British colonies had a larger population.

    2. The British colonies were clustered along the coast so they were easier to defend than the scattered French settlements.
  30. What event ensured that England could win the war?
    When the British captured Quebec it ensured that they would win the war.
  31. What lands did Britain gain as a result of the Treaty of Paris?
    With the signing of the Treaty of Paris, the British took over Canada and all French lands east of the Mississippi River.
  32. Why did Spain give Florida to Britain?
    Spain gave Florida to Britain because they had sided with the French during the war.
  33. Why did the English settle in North America?
    The English settled in North America for the following reasons...

    • 1. To expand the English empire
    • 2. To provide an outlet for trade
    • 3. To allow investment and profit by merchant companies
    • 4. To relieve overcrowding at home
    • 5. For religious freedom
  34. What was the population of the English colonies?
    English colonies totaled about 1,600,000.
  35. What was the British economic system and trade?
    The British had some scattered industry, ship-building, and shipping and farming.
  36. What type of government did the British Colonists have?
    The British had a colonial government of three types...

    1.  Self-goverment: People elect the governor and representatives

    2. Royal: English King appoints governor; people elect representatives

    3. Proprietary: Governor appointed by land company or owners; people elect representatives
  37. Why did the French settle in North America?
    The French settled in North America...

    • 1. To expand the French Empire.
    • 2. To convert the Indians to Christianity
    • 3. To set up trading posts and trapping centers
    • 4. To bring honor and glory to explorers
  38. What was the population f the French colonists?
    The population of the French colonists was about 80,000.
  39. What type of economic system and trade did the French have?
    The French economic system and trade include...

    • 1. trading
    • 2. trapping furs
    • 3. timber and lumber industry
    • 4. farming
  40. What type of government did the French have?
    The French had a highly centralized form of government.

    French King appoints intendant and colonial governor.
  41. Which country had a higher population?
    England had a higher population.
  42. Which country set up trading posts and trapping centers?
    France set up trading posts and trapping centers.
  43. Which country had a centralized colonial government?
    France had a centralized colonial government.
  44. Which country profited from farming, shipbuilding, and other industries?
    England profited from farming, shipbuilding, and other industries.
  45. Which country provided colonial elected representatives?
    England provided colonial elected representatives.
  46. Which country wanted to convert Indians to Christianity?
    France wanted to convert Indians to Christianity.
Card Set:
Victor Gr. 7 French and Indian War
2014-01-14 20:50:23
England France Spain Spanish Florida Ohio River Valley George Washington Fort Necessity alliance cede militia Treaty Paris Albany Plan Union Louisiana
French and Indian War
England, France, Spain, Spanish Florida, Ohio River Valley, George Washington, Fort Necessity, alliance, cede, militia, Treaty of Paris, Albany Plan of Union, Louisiana
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