Psychology Prologue Test
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What is the nueroscience view of love?
it involves the chemicals in your brain that are present when you are in love
What is the evolutionary view of love?
We see a need for love to have children and to care for them, as we depended on our parents to care for us
What is the behavior genetics view of love?
Our genes and environment influence love
What is the psychodynamic view of love?
What is the behavioral view of love?
a pattern of loving behavior overtime
What is the cognitive view of love?
You love because you enjoy it
What is the social cultural view of love?
it can change depending on the society you live in
What is the humanistic view of love?
you love because you can
What did Socrates and his student Plato conclude?
that the mind and the body are separate and that knowledge is innate
What did Aristotle believe?
- knowledge is not innate but grows from experiences stored in memories
- discover the laws of nature
Why is Frances Bacon important?
- anticipated minds ability to perceive patterns
- father of modern science
- experience is important
- science and experimentation
What did John Lock believe?
- the mind at birth is a blank slate on which experience writes (Tabula rasa)
- importance of environment
What did Edward Bradford Titchener do?
- engaged people in self-introspection to report elements of their experience of looking at a rose, listening to a metronome, smelling or tasting
- Strucuralism- look at basic elements of the mind
- Shared CS Lewis's view that the only thing we could know more about than we could learn for observation is ourselves
- method unrelaible
Who was William James?
- believed thinking was adaptive
- admitted Mary Calkins into his class, rest of students dropped class so he tutored her alone and then Harvard denied her a degree
- wrote psychology textbook
What is functionalism?
- how mental processes and behavior help us adapt to our environment
- adapt survive and flourish
Who was the first woman to get a phd in psychology?
Margaret Floy Washburn
How was psychology defined untill the 1920s?
the science of mental life
Who where Carl Rodgers and Abraham Maslow
- emphasized the importance of current environment on growth and potential and need for love
- self actualization
- importance of health
What is psychology's big debate?
Nature vs nurture
Who was Rene Decartes?
- knowledge is innate
- gained support from natural selection
What are the three main levels of analysis?
biological, psychological, and social- cultural
What is biological influence?
- genetic predispostions and mutations
- natural selection
- genes responding to enviorment
What is psychological infulence?
- learned fears and expectations
- emotional responses
- cognitive processing and perceptual interpertations
What are social- cultural influences?
- presence of others
- cultural, societal, and family expectations
- peer infulences
- compelling models such as media
What is basic research?
builds on psychologies knowledge base
What applied research?
tackle practical problems
What are counseling psychologists?
help people cope with challenges by recognizing their strengths and resources
What are clinical psychologists?
asses and treats mental, emotional, and behavior disorders
What are psychiatrists?
medical doctors licensed to prescribe drugs and otherwise treat psychological disorders, who also often provide psychotherapy
What is psychology?
the study of behavior and mental processes
Behavior can be?
observed, measured, and is objective
mental process are?
cant see and subjective
What were Buddha and Confucius concerned with?
the relationship between the mind and the body
what is empiricism?
importance of experimentation and observation
Who had the first psychology lab?
What subject goes with psychology?
Who was Ivan Pavlov?
- classified conditioning
Who was Jean Piaget?
- cognitive devolpment
What is cognitive research?
- brain research
- brain neuroscience
What is there an increase in?
What does neuroscience perspective focus on?
how the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences
What does the evolutionary perspective focus on?
how the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of our genes
What does the behavioral genetics perspective focus on?
how much our genes and our enviorment influence out individual differences
What does the psychodynamic perspective focus on?
how behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts
What does the cognitve perspective focus on?
how we encode, process, store, and retrieve information
What does the social- cultural perspective focus on?
how behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures
What does the humanistc view focus on?
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