Chpt 1 Micro

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lcunrod7
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256729
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Chpt 1 Micro
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2014-01-15 17:34:06
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  1. everywhere and having, being or seeming to be, everywhere at the same time
    ubiquitous
  2. is a special area of biology that deals with tiny life forms that are not readily observed without magnification
    microbiology
  3. to small to see with the naked eye
    microscopic
  4. small living organisms
    microbes
  5. a living thing ordinarily too small to be seen without magnification, an organism of microscopic size
    microorganism
  6. small cells, lacking special structures such as a nucleus and organelles; microorganism
    prokaryotic
  7. a cell having a nuclear membrane, membrane-bound subcellular organelles, and mitotic cell division
    eukaryotic
  8. a small component of eukaryotic cells that is bounded by a membrane and specialized in functions
    organelle
  9. a process occurring in plants, algea, and some bacteria that traps the sun's energy and converts it to ATP in the cell, this energy is used to fix CO2 into organic compounds
    photosynthesis
  10. the breakdown of dead matter and wastes into simple compounds that can be directed back into the natural cycle of living things
    decompostition
  11. a field involving deliberate alterations of the genomes of microbes, plants, and animals through special technological processes
    genetic engineering
  12. a technology, associated with genetic engineering that deliberately modifies the genetic structure of an organism to create novel products, microbes, animals, plants, and viruses
    recombinant DNA
  13. The use of biological agents, such as bacteria or plants, to remove or neutralize contaminants, as in polluted soil or water.
    bioremediation
  14. an organism that lives on or within another organism, from which it obtains nutrients and enjoys protection
    parasite
  15. organisms in which smaller organisms or viruses live, feed, and reproduce
    host
  16. An agent that causes disease, especially a living microorganism such as a bacterium or fungus.
    pathogen
  17. newly identified diseases that are becoming more prominent
    emerging diseases
  18. previously identified disease that is increasing in occurance
    reemerging diseases
  19. the rise of the scientific method, and the development of medical microbiology
    microscopy
  20. a dutch linen merchant and self-made microbiologist
    Antonie can Leeuwenhoek
  21. principles and procedures for the sytematic pursuit of knowledge; involving the recognition and formulation of a problem, the collection of data through observations and experiments, and the formulation and testing of a hypothesis
    scientific method
  22. a tentative explanation of what has been observed or measured
    hypothesis
  23. problem-solving process in which an individual constructs a hypothesis, tests its validity by outlining particular events that are predicted by the hypothesis and then performs experiments to test for those events
    deduction
  24. collection of statements, propositions, or concepts that explains or accounts for a natural event
    theory
  25. who provided the initial evidence that some of the microbes in dust and air have very high heat resistance and that particularly vigorous treatment is required to destroy them
    John Tyndall
  26. a german botanist, clarified the reason that hear would sometimes fail to completely eliminate all microorganisms
    Ferdinand Cohn
  27. completely free of all life forms including spores and viruses
    sterile
  28. english surgeon was the first to introduce aseptic techniques aimed at reducing microbes in a medical setting and preventing wound infections
    Joseph Lister
  29. Using methods to protect against infection by pathogenic microorganism
    aseptic
  30. two founders of microbiology one of france and one of germany
    Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch
  31. a theory first originating in the 1800's that proposed that microorganisms can be the cause of disease
    germ theory of disease
  32. a system of naming
    nomenclature
  33. The classification of organisms in an ordered system that indicates natural relationships
    taxonomy
  34. swedish botanist, stated basic rules for taxonomic categories or taxa
    Carl von Linne
  35. is an orderly arrangement of organisms into groups that indicate evolutionary relationships and history
    classification
  36. is the process of determining and recording the traits of organisms to enable their placement in an overall taxonomic sheme
    identification
  37. the main taxa or groups in a classification scheme are organized into several descending ranks
    hierarchy
  38. is a giant, all-inclusive category based on a unique cell type
    domain
  39. is the smallest and most specific taxon
    species
  40. the method of assigning the scientific or specific name is
    binomial system of nomenclature
  41. the natural relatedness between groups of living things
    phylogeny
  42. is an important theme that underlies all of biology, including microbiology
    evolution
  43. the study of organic structure
    morphology
  44. the study of organic function
    physiology
  45. the study of organic inheritance
    genetics
  46. prokaryotic single-celled organisms or primitive origin that have unusual anatomy, physiology, and genetics, and live in harsh habitats
    archaea
  47. containing all non-archaea prokaryotes
    bacteria
  48. contains all eukaryotic organisms
    eukarya

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