Sociology ch. 1 and 2

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Sociology ch. 1 and 2
2014-01-15 19:01:41
sociology chapter

First sociology test
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  1. C. Wright mills
    • created the term sociological imagination
    • believed in the conflict theory
  2. Auguste Comte
    believed in the functionalist theory
  3. Herbert Spencer
    believed in the evolutionist theory
  4. Karl Marx
    • believed in the social effects of economic power imbalances and class conflict
    • believed in the conflict theory
  5. Emile Durkheim
    believed in the functionalist theory
  6. Max Weber
    believed in the effect of society on the individual and the meanings individuals attach to their actions
  7. functionalist
    see society as a set of interrelated parts that work together to produce a stable social system;focus on functions and dysfunctions
  8. interactionists
    focus on how individuals interact in society and on the meanings individuals attach to their own and other's actions
  9. Conflict theorists
    focus on forces in society that promote competition and change; see social changes as an inevitable feature of society
  10. Sociology
    social science that studies human society and social behavior
  11. social sciences
    disciplines that study human social behavior or institutions and functions of human society in a scientific manner
  12. social interactions
    how people relate and interact with one another's behavior
  13. social phenomena
    observable facts or events that involve human society
  14. sociological perspective
    looking beyond commonly held beliefs to the hidden meanings behind human actions
  15. sociological imagination
    relationship from your personal life and the world
  16. Anthropology
    comparative study of past and present cultures
  17. psychology
    social science that deals with the behavior and thinking of organisms
  18. economics
    the study of the choices people make in an effort to satisfy their needs and wants
  19. political science
    examination of the organization and operation of governments
  20. history
    study of past events
  21. social darwinism
    fittest societies will survive
  22. function
    consequence that and element of society produces for the maintenance of its social system
  23. theory
    an explanation of the relationships among a particular phenomena
  24. theoretical perspectives
    to provide a foundation for their inquiries
  25. dysfunctional
    negative consequence an element has
  26. symbly
    anything that represents something else
  27. auguste comte role
    came up with the term sociology
  28. Karl Marx theory
    structure of society is influenced by how its economy is organized
  29. culture
    consists of all the shared products of human groups
  30. society
    is a group of interdependent people who have organized  in such a way as to share a common culture and feeling of unity
  31. technology
    combination of objects and rules
  32. language
    the organization of written or spoken symbols into a standardized system
  33. values
    shared belief about what is good or bad, right or wrong
  34. norms
    shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations
  35. folkways
    norms that describe socially acceptable behavior
  36. mores
    moral significance attached to them
  37. laws
    written rules of conduct enacted and enforced by the government
  38. culture traits
    is an individual tool, act, or belief that is related to a particular situation or need
  39. ethnocentrism
    the tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior
  40. subculture
    groups in society share values, norms, and behavior that are not shared by the entire population
  41. counterculture
    creating a culture by rejecting major values norms and practices by replacing them