PYSC MEMORY 2
Card Set Information
PYSC MEMORY 2
Memory 2nd pt
prior learning can interfere with recall of newer information
new learning can interfere with the recall of older information
sometimes old learning can facilitate new learning (e.g., knowing
Latin can make it easier to learn Spanish)
People unknowingly revise their memories
mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from
increasing numbers of memory researchers think repression rarely, if ever,
Incorporating misleading information into one's memory
of an event. People later find it nearly
impossible to discriminate between memories of real and suggested events.
Even imagining events can lead to false memories
amnesia (or source misattribution)--
Attributing an event to the wrong source that we
experienced, heard, read, or imagined (misattribution).
memories are accurate or not, people express similar levels of confidence
Are memories of abuse repressed or
Many psychotherapists believe that early childhood sexual abuse results in repressed memories.
However, other psychologists question such beliefs and think that such memories may be
False Memory Syndrome
A condition in which a person’s identity and
relationships center around a false but strongly believed memory of a
experience, which is sometimes induced by well-meaning therapists
shows that if false memories (lost at the mall or drowned in a lake) are
implanted in individuals, they ______ their memories.
ways on Improving Memory
repeatedly to boost long-term recall.
more time rehearsing or actively thinking about the material.
material personally meaningful.
with peg words — something already stored
§make up a
retrieval cues — mentally recreate the situation and mood.
events while they are fresh — before you encounter misinformation.
and then determine what you do not yet know.