Jazz Final Cards pt 1
Card Set Information
Jazz Final Cards pt 1
Part one Know something about each of these jazz musicians
New East St. Louis
Concerto for Cootie-
Duke Ellington and Orchestra; used plunger mute to:
In Mellow Tone
revolutionized the technical approach to the double
(electric) with Weather Report
direction of jazz bass playing
just as the great jazz bassists.
in four different roles
approach (ala Scott LaFarro)
quartet - Trumpet, bari sax, bass, drums.
was on counterpoint, with no harmonic instrument present.
1928 - Lost
2 fingers in a fire. Compensated with a new technique.
un-amplified guitar- unlike Charlie Christian.
group was Quintette du Hot Club De France with violinst Stephane Grappelli
outstanding European Jazz Musician
Davis’ sideman during hard bop period
the Jazz Messengers- important hard bop band
the loosening of jazz drumming styles.
intrusions as accompanimental figures.
Dat Dere -
limited vision - completely blind in one eye, limited vision in the other
Technique & velocity at piano
for Reharmonization - Keeping the original melody -
substituting different chords
Weep for Me
Marvelous for Words
Davis’ all star band on Kind of Blue
Charlie Parker, the most widely imitated saxophonist in Jazz.
fame in 1955 with the Miles Davis quintet
to drugs/alcohol disrupted his career.
Supreme celebrates this victory and the
religious experience associated with it
radical musical styles in the mid 1960s. Attracted large audiences
death, he acquired a cult-like following. Church in San Francisco bears his
One of his
main objectives was to elaborate the full implications of bop chord
oriented, rigid eighth note repetitions
technique yielded sheets of sound.
in the Thesaurus of Musical Scales by Nicholas Slonimsky.
impact on contemporaries and future players.
the soprano saxophone as a modern jazz instrument.
hundreds of thousands of albums in his final years, & established
Avant-Garde jazz as popular music. (Temporary)
Sonny Rollins (Sax) and Max Roach (Drums)
lines, reminiscent of bebop.
auto accident at age 25.
and Sonny Rollins
the melodic development in Sonny's playing
the long lines in Clifford's playing.
a composer, not as a pianist.
Paul Desmond (Alto Sax) who had a very light, airy, sweet sound.
mastery of "odd" meters.
Rondo a la Turk
hire not jazz musicians who could play funk but to hire funk musicians who
could play jazz.
electronic, lots of studio production and overdubs.
My mind wandered to an old dream I had to be on one of Sly
Stone’s records. It was actually a
secret desire of mine for years—I wanted to know how he got that funky
sound. Then a completely new thought
entered my mind
: Why not Sly Stone on one of my records? My immediate response
was “Oh, no, I can’t do that!” So I
asked myself why not. The answer came to
: pure jazz snobbism.
the Cool (1949-1950)
collaboration with arranger Gil Evans
band – Nonet
was unusual, it added french horn and tuba.
again, the arrangement was central to the music.
- Listen for Miles' muted trumpet sound.
hard bob band
on Four Decades of Jazz
(w/ Gil Evans)
Bop/Modal (Kind of Blue)
Rock/Fusion (Bitches Brew)
composer, and bandleader.
sound. (Harmon Mute)
During the Hard Bop period. Miles Davis Used the following sidemen
Albums included Kind
of Blue, Live at the Blackhawk, & Milestones.
Talk about Miles' Kind of Blue
Recorded in 1959.
Most important and
pivotal album in modern jazz.
Featured an all-star
A set of inspired improvisations
by an all-star band
A significant departure
from traditional bop-derived styles.
Introduced the format of
Affected the Harmonic
Harmonies of a single
chord or scale remain in effect for several measures.
Blue in Green
Miles band in 1963-1968 This band included a famous rhythm section
Herbie Hancock (Piano)
Tony Williams (Drums)
Ron Carter (Bass)
This band created a new
Every album used new
They used tunes which
did not have bridges, turnarounds, or sections.
Used these forms to
encourage free-flowing sounds and improvisations.
The music Caused an
Albums included -
Nefertitti, Filles de Kilimanjaro, & Miles Smiles
influenced recordings from 1963-1968. Headed in the direction of
unorthodox composer, his work seriously challenged improvisers.
sound as if he "Bends" notes.
transcends a stylistic category.
focused compositions with a minimum amount of material. Each of his pieces has
used amplified guitar
Rose Room with Benny
Breafast Feud with BG
much of the music during this period
compose is “dark” keys
the A Train, Lush Life (age 18), and collaborated on the suites
in Ellington’s shadow
difficult to discern where one's style ended and the other's began.
the Floreadors (Nutcracker)
Thunder (1957) (Shakespeare themes)
Search of A Moor (Shakespeare themes
Down (Shakespeare themes)
Crossed Lovers (Shakespeare themes)
Sunday – (from Black Brown and Beige)
soloist, he defined jazz clarinet as no other, before or since.
bandleader, he established standards of technical perfection unheard of in that
approach to band leading. (The Ray!!)
swing, he became a pop icon.
Chicago, 1909, 9th of 12 children
European Jewish immigrant parents. Grew up in a ghetto.
At the age
of 14 he meets and play with Bix Beiderbecke.
extensive classical training.
1935 as a trio.
racially mixed band.
tour met with negative reaction, until they got to the Palomar ballroom in LA.
prior radio broadcasts.
concert - Carnegie Hall - 1938
in the 1950s
of excellence in composition and sidemen.
of forms, and compositions.
collaboration with Billy Strayhorn. Strayhorn became his "Alter Ego"
Such Sweet Thunder, Nutcracker, Black Brown and Beige
Thunder - based on the ideas and characters from Shakespeare.
Sunday - Black Brown and Beige) with Mahalia Jackson - Gospel singer.
Cherry - From Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite. Features the bari sax.
the Floreadors - changes the meter from a waltz to a swing tune.
and Crescendo in Blue
Ellington at Newport
& Crescendo in Blue
PaulbGonsalves plays the blues (27 choruses)
Has the same energy one would find at a contemporary rock concert.
playing has much stride in it. It begins to drop out in the 1930s and is gone
by the l950s. (just plink, plink)
swing as the main component. First great rhythm section came out of this band:
Birth of the Cool with
style with Davis