1.1.1

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Author:
efrain12
ID:
256921
Filename:
1.1.1
Updated:
2014-01-17 12:53:52
Tags:
Psych Inter
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Description:
Models of behavior change
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  1. How do we change behavior? (2)
    • -legislation
    • *banning things/taxing

    • -intervention
    • *trying to intervene with the individuals behavior
  2. Why does or does not changing behavior work? (5)
    • -demographics
    • *education, social support

    • -age fluctuation
    • *cognitive changes

    -personal control

    -peer pressure

    -lack of reinforcement
  3. (intervention for youth) Socialization
    • process of learning from our environment
    • *picking up habits or behaviors based on our social environment
  4. (intervention for youth) Teachable moment
    a method to weave in the idea into everyday situations
  5. 3 ways of creating intervention for youth
    -socialization

    -teachable moment

    -timing
  6. (intervention for youth) What should the focus of intervention be on? (3)
    -people at risk

    -people not at risk

    -benefits/drawbacks
  7. (attitude change and health behavior educational appeals) what 3 things has research shown that is necessary?
    -communicator qualities

    -visual qualities

    -message qualities
  8. (attitude change and health behavior educational appeals) Communicator qualities
    person has to be seen as an expert in order to attract attention
  9. (attitude change and health behavior educational appeals) Visual qualities
    Colorful, vivid messages stand out more
  10. (attitude change and health behavior educational appeals) Message qualities
    they have to make a strong, clear argument
  11. (attitude change and health behavior educational appeals) what are the 3 types of ideas regarding types of messages?
    -no extreme messages

    -whats the behavior

    -receptiveness to change behavior
  12. (attitude change and health behavior educational appeals) No extreme messages
    having extreme messages are found to be the least effective in changing behavior
  13. (attitude change and health behavior educational appeals) What is the behavior?
    • "what is the ad trying to advocate?"
    • *clear concise idea
  14. (attitude change and health behavior educational appeals) Receptiveness to change behavior
    show both sides of POV
  15. (HEALTH BELIEF MODEL)(Theory of planned behavior) What is the formula for this theory?
    Attitudes+Norms+Control=Intention>Behavior
  16. (HEALTH BELIEF MODEL)(Theory of planned behavior) Behavior caused by intention
    There is always some motivational factor in our actions
  17. (Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches) What is behavioral based upon?
    Conditioning
  18. (Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches) What are the 3 types of prevention techniques for behavioral?
    -classical conditioning

    -operant conditioning

    -modeling
  19. (Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches) 3 types of treatment for behavioral approach?
    -counter-conditioning

    -self-reinforcement

    -contingency contracting
  20. (Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches)(treatment) What is contingency contracting ?
    creating a plan then reward yourself depending on behavior

    *everytime a child finishes hw before dinner, he is rewarded with play time
  21. (Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches) what are the 5 cognitive principles?
    -cognitive restructuring

    -behavioral assignments

    -social skills/assertiveness training

    -motivational interviewing

    -relaxation training
  22. What are the 5 steps of Transtheoretical model?
    -Precontemplation

    -Contemplation

    -Preparation

    -Action

    -Maintenance
  23. Transtheoretical model) Precontemplation
    Someone doesnt think they have a problem with what they are doing
  24. Transtheoretical model) Contemplation
    • Thinking about change but not on-board yet
    • *its sinking a little bit
  25. Transtheoretical model) Preparation
    "I know I need to change, so ill explore options to change"
  26. Transtheoretical model) Action
    • take action
    • *cold turkey or something similar
  27. Transtheoretical model) Maintenance
    Stay on the course to overcome the habit or addiction
  28. Possible locations for intervention to happen?
    • -home
    • -school
    • -health practitioners office
    • -therapists office
    • -workplace
    • -managed care facilities
    • -self-help groups
    • -community-based interventions
    • -media
    • -internet 

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