Pulmonary Drugs

Card Set Information

Author:
nategrav
ID:
256989
Filename:
Pulmonary Drugs
Updated:
2014-01-17 01:24:32
Tags:
Respiratory Drugs first Test
Folders:

Description:
Drugs for first test
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user nategrav on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Solu Medrol
    Doseage
    • 125mg - 250 mg Adult
    • 30 mg/kg Pediatric
  2. Solu Medrol
    Actions
    • Anti-inflammatory
    • Suppresses immune response (especially in allergic reactions)
  3. Solu-Medrol
    Indications
    • Severe anaphylaxis
    • Asthma and COPD
  4. Solu Medrol
    Contraindicatons
    None in the Emergency Setting
  5. Solu Medrol
    Precautions (2)
    • Must be reconstituted and used properly.
    • Onset of action may be 2-6 hours, thus should not be expected to be of use in the critical first hour following anaphylactic reaction.
  6. Solu-Medrol
    Side Effects  (3)
    • GI Bleeding
    • Prolonged wound healing
    • Suppression of natural steroids
  7. Solu Medrol
    Route
    IV or IM
  8. Terbutaline / Brethine
    Class
    Sympathomimetic
  9. Terbutaline / Brethine
    Actions
    • Bronchodilator
    • Increases Heart Rate
  10. Terbutaline / Brethine
    Indications (3)
    • Bronchial asthma
    • Reversible bronchospasm associated with COPD
    • Preterm Labor
  11. Terbutaline / Brethine
    Contraindications
    Pts with known hypersensitivity to the med
  12. Terbutaline / Brethine
    Precautions
    BP, pulse, ECG must be monitored constantly
  13. Terbutaline / Brethine
    Side Effects (6)
    • Palpitations
    • Tachycardia
    • PVCs
    • Anxiety
    • Tremors
    • Headache
  14. Terbutaline / Brethine
    Dosage
    • MDI -- Two inhalations, 1 min apart
    • SQ -- 0.25 mg.  May be repeated in 15 - 30 mins

    Pedi -- 0.01 mg/kg SQ
  15. Terbutaline / Brethine
    Routes
    Inhalation, SQ injection, IV Drip (preterm labor)
  16. Epinephrine 1:1,000
    Class
    Sympathomimetic
  17. Epinephrine 1:1,000
    Action
    Bronchodilation
  18. Epinephrine 1:1,000
    Indications (4)
    • Bronchial asthma
    • Exacerbation of COPD
    • Allergic reactions
    • Pediatric Cardiac Arrest (after initial Epi dosage)
  19. Epinephrine 1:1,000
    Contraindications (4)
    • Patients with underlying cardiovascular disease
    • Hypertension
    • Pregnancy
    • Patients with tachyarrhythmias
  20. Epinephrine 1:1,000
    Precautions  (2)
    • Should be protected from the light
    • BP, pulse, and ECG must be monitored
  21. Epinephrine 1:1,000
    Side Effects (4)
    • Palpitations and tachycardia
    • Anxiousness
    • Headache
    • Tremor
  22. Epinephrine 1:1,000
    Dosage
    • 0.3 - 0.5 mg
    • Pedi 0.01 mg/kg up to 0.3 mg
  23. Epinephrine 1:1,000
    Route
    IM
  24. Racemic Epinephrine (Micronferin)
    Class
    Sympathomimetic
  25. Racemic Epinephrine
    Actions (3)
    • Bronchodilation
    • Increases Heart Rate
    • Increases Cardiac Contractile force
  26. Racemic Epinephrine
    Indication
    Croup
  27. Racemic Epinephrine
    Contraindications (2)
    • Epiglottitis
    • Hypersensitivity to the drug
  28. Racemic Epinephrine
    Precautions (2)
    • Vital signs should be constantly monitored
    • Should only be used once in prehospital setting
  29. Racemic Epinephrine
    Side Effects (3)
    • Palpitations
    • Anxiety
    • Headache
  30. Racemic Epinephrine
    Dosage
    0.25 - 0.75 ml of  2.25% solution in 2 ml NS

    Adult and Pedi
  31. Racemic Epinephrine
    Route
    Inhalation Only
  32. Ipratropium Bromide / Atrovent ®
    Class
    Anticholinergic
  33. Ipratropium Bromide / Atrovent ®
    Actions
    • Causes bronchodilation
    • Dries respiratory tract secretions
  34. Ipratropium Bromide / Atrovent ®
    Indications (2)
    • Bronchial asthma
    • Reversible bronchospasm associated with chronic bronchitis and emphysema
  35. Ipratropium Bromide / Atrovent ®
    Contraindications (2)
    • Pt's with hx of hypersensitivity to the drug
    • Should not be used as the primary acute treatment of bronchospasm
  36. Ipratropium Bromide / Atrovent ®
    Precautions
    Monitor Vital Signs
  37. Ipratropium Bromide / Atrovent ®
    Side Effects (5)
    • Palpitations
    • Dizziness
    • Anxiety
    • Headache
    • Nervousness
  38. Ipratropium Bromide / Atrovent ®
    Dosage
    500 mcg in small volume neb (typically given with a Beta agonist)

    Pedi -- 300 - 500 mcg per dose
  39. Ipratropium Bromide / Atrovent ®
    Route
    Inhaled
  40. Albuterol / Proventil ®
    Class
    Sympathomimetic (B2 selective)
  41. Albuterol / Proventil ®
    Action
    Bronchodilation
  42. Albuterol / Proventil ®
    Indications (2)
    • Asthma
    • Reversible bronchospasm associated with COPD
  43. Albuterol / Proventil ®
    Contraindications (2)
    • Known hypersensitivity
    • Symptomatic tachycardia
  44. Albuterol / Proventil ®
    Precautions (2)
    • Vitals and ECG should be monitored
    • Use caution in patients with known heart disease
  45. Albuterol / Proventil ®
    Side Effects (5)
    • Palpitations
    • Anxiety
    • Headache
    • Dizziness
    • Sweating
  46. Albuterol / Proventil ®
    Dosage
    • MDI 1 - 2 sprays (90 mcg per spray)
    • Small vol nebulizer  0.5 mL (2.5 - 5.0 mg) in 2.5 mL of NS over 5-15 mins

    Rotohaler: One 200 mcg rotocap
  47. Albuterol / Proventil ®
    Route
    Inhalation
  48. Albuterol / Proventil ®
    Pedi Dosage
    • <1 yr  0.05-0.15 mg/kg/dose  q 4-6hrs
    • 1-5 yrs:  1.25 - 2.5 mg/dose q 4-6hrs
    • 5-12 yrs: 2.5mg/dose q 4-6 hrs
    • >12 yrs: 2.5 - 5.0 mg/dose q 4-6 hrs
  49. Levalbuterol / Xopenex ®
    Class
    Sympathetic agonist (B2 selective)
  50. Levalbuterol / Xopenex ®
    Action
    Bronchodilation
  51. Levalbuterol / Xopenex ®
    Indications (2)
    • Asthma
    • Reversible bronchospasm associated with COPD
  52. Levalbuterol / Xopenex ®
    Contraindications (2)
    • Known hypersensitivity
    • Symptomatic tachycardia
  53. Levalbuterol / Xopenex ®
    Precaution
    BP, pulse, and ECG should be monitored
  54. Levalbuterol / Xopenex ®
    Side Effects (4)
    • Palpitations
    • Anxiety
    • Headache
    • Dizziness
  55. Levalbuterol / Xopenex ®
    Dosage
    0.63 mg in 3.0mL of NS q 6-8hrs

    Pedi  0.31 mg in 3.0 mL NS  TID
  56. Levalbuterol / Xopenex ®
    Route
    Inhalation
  57. Solucortef
    Class
    Steroid
  58. Solucortef
    Actions (2)
    • Anti-inflammatory
    • Suppresses immune response (especially in allergic and anaphylactic reaction)
  59. Solucortef
    Indications (2)
    • Severe anaphylaxis
    • Asthma and COPD
    • Urticaria (hives)
  60. Solucortef
    Contraindications
    None in emergency setting
  61. Solucortef
    Precautions (2)
    • Must be reconstituted an used promptly
    • Onset of action may be 2-6 hours, medication should not be expected to be of use in the critical first hour following an acute anaphylactic reaction
  62. Solucortef
    Side Effects (3)
    • GI Bleeding
    • Prolonged wound healing
    • Suppression of natural steroids
  63. Solucortef
    Dosage
    • 100 - 250 mg
    • Pedi  30mg/kg
  64. Solucortef
    Route
    IV/IM
  65. Duoneb
    • Ipratropium Bromide (Atrovent) and Albuterol sulfate (Proventil)
    • 500 mcg/2.5 - 5.0mg in 2.5 mL

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview