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What are 5 major functions of the skin?
- 1. protect underlying tissues
- 2. regulate body temperature
- 3. secret sebum
- 4. transmit sensations through nerve receptors for sensory perception
- 5. produce and absorb vitamin D in conjunction with ultraviolet rays from the sun
oily substances secreted by the skin that softens and lubricates the hair and skin
sweat glands located in the axillae and androgenital areas, that begin to function at puberty.
(fyi: have little use in thermoregulation)
produce sweat that cools the body through evaporation
diaper rash caused by skin bacteria reacting with urea in urine.
(fyi: use ointments containing zinc oxide)
Nursing assessment of the skin and hygienic practices includes considerations to the following:
1. nursing health history to determine the client's skin care practices, self-care abilities, and past or current skin problems
2. physical assessment of the skin
What is the purpose for bathing?
1. remove accumulated oil, perspiration, dead skin cells, and some bacteria
2. stimulates circulation
3. produce a sense of well-being
Cleansing baths are
given chiefly for hygiene purposes
Water for a cleansing bath should generally be what temperature?
110°F to 115°F
Why are therapeutic baths given?
for physical effect, with or without medication in the water
What temperature should the water for a therapeutic bath be?
110°F to 115°F
Science of health and its maintenance
Advanced periodontal disease with loose teeth and pus expresses when gums are pressed
produce sweat from almost all body surfaces (AKA sweat glands)
What is a comfortable room temperature for most patients?
Between 68o and 74o
Water used to shampoo should be set to what temperature?