Medications Affecting Urinary Output - Potassium-Sparing Diuretics

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Author:
DirtyRed
ID:
257119
Filename:
Medications Affecting Urinary Output - Potassium-Sparing Diuretics
Updated:
2014-01-17 19:03:55
Tags:
pharmacology
Folders:
Medications Affecting the Cardiovascular System
Description:
meds
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  1. Potassium Sparing Diuretics:Drugs
    • MOST END WITH -TONE
    • Spironcolactone (Aldactone)
    • triamterene (Dyrenium)
    • amiloride (Midamor)
  2. Potassium Sparing Diuretics: Pharm Action
    • Potassium retention
    • Secretion of Na and H2O
    • Blocks aldosterone
  3. Potassium Sparing Diuretics: Use
    • Heart failure
    • Potassium retention
    • Primary hyperaldosteronism = blocks aldosterone
  4. Potassium Sparing Diuretics: Side Effects
    • Hyperkalemia
    • Endocrine effects (irregular menstruation, impotence in male clients) 
  5. Potassium Sparing Diuretics: Interventions
    • Monitor potassium levels (Greater than 5mEq/L)
    • Monitor cardiac and daily weights
    • Avoid salt substitutes
    • Treat hyperkalemia by discontinuing medication, restricting potassium in the diet, and insulin injections to drive potassium back into the cell
  6. Potassium Sparing Diuretics: Contraindications
    • Hyperkalemia
    • Severe renal failure Anuria (no urine)
  7. Potassium Sparing Diuretics: Interactions
    ACE Inhibitors: increases hyperkalemia Potassium supplements: increases hyperkalemia
  8. Potassium Sparing Diuretics: Administration
    May turn urine blue
  9. Spironolactone
    Aldactone*
  10. Triamterene
    Dyrenium*
  11. Amiloride
    Midamor*

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