2.14 Clinical Aspects of Hypertension

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  1. What are modifiable risk factors for hypertension and how do you assess them?
    • Stroke
    • MI
    • Renal Failure
    • CHF
    • Atherosclerosis
    • Dementia
  2. What is blood pressure?
    Cardiac Output X Systemic Vascular Resistance
  3. What is hypertension?
    High blood pressure
  4. What is JNC-7 and how do you dx and tx hypertension?
    • From 2003
    • Normal: <120/80 mmHg
    • Pre-hypertension: 120-139/89-89 mmHg
    • Stage 1 Hypertension: 140-159/90-99 mmHg
    • Stage 2 Hypertension: >=160/100 mmHg
  5. What is JNC-8 and how do you dx and tx hypertension?
    • From 2013
    • >60, BP >150/90 mmHg
    • <60, BP = 140/90 mmHg
  6. What pharmacologic tx plan can be given for a pt with hypertension?
    • Thiazide-Type Diuretic
    • Calcium Channel Blocker (CCB)
    • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI)
    • Angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB)
  7. What non-pharmacologic tx plan can be given for a pt with hypertension?
    Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes
  8. What is hypertensive emergency?
    Hypertensive emergency with a diastolic blood pressure >= 120 mmHg plus end organ damage
  9. What is hypertensive urgency?
    Hypertensive crisis with a diastolic blood pressure >= 120 mmHg but no symptoms of end organ damage
  10. What is the main point in doing the history and physical for a patient with hypertension?
    • Looking to see if it's a secondary hypertension
    • To see if something else is causing the hypertension

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Author:
xangxelax
ID:
257194
Filename:
2.14 Clinical Aspects of Hypertension
Updated:
2014-01-18 21:12:16
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