Theology Midterm Vocab

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Theology Midterm Vocab
2014-01-18 17:17:53

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  1. The coherence of individual doctrines with the whole of Revelation.
    In other words, as each doctrine is connected with Revelation, each doctrine is
    also connected with all other doctrines.
    Analogy of Faith
  2. A strong, powerful remembrance that makes a
    person or action really and truly present
  3. Based on a word meaning “messenger,” a personal and immortal creature
    with intelligence and free will who constantly glorifies God and serves as a
    messenger of God to humans to carry out God’s saving plan.
  4. The event in which the Archangel Gabriel came to
    Mary to announce that she had found favor with God and would become the mother
    of the Messiah
  5. Attributing human characteristics to something
    that is not human.
  6. The scientific study of the material
    remains of past human life.


    The general term means “one
    who is sent” and can be used in reference to any missionary of the Church
    during the New Testament period. In reference to the twelve companions chosen
    by Jesus, also known as “the Twelve,” the term refers to those special
    witnesses of Jesus on whose ministry the early Church was built and whose
    successors are the bishops.
  7. A sacred chest that housed the
    tablets of the Ten Commandments. It was placed within the sanctuary where God
    would come and dwell.
    Ark of the Covenant
  8. The “going up” into Heaven of the
    Risen Christ forty days after his Resurrection.
  9. Directly encountering and seeing God
    in the glory of Heaven.
    Beatific vision
  10. Speech or actions that show
    disrespect or irreverence for God; also, claiming to have the powers of God or
    to be God.
  11. Specially prepared priests to whom
    the spiritual care of a special group of people, such as hospital patients,
    military personnel, or migrants, is entrusted.
  12. The virtue by which people are able
    to successfully and healthfully integrate their sexuality into their total
    person; recognized as one of the fruits of the Holy Spirit. Also one of the
    vows of religious life.
  13. These were Jewish priests of high rank in the
    Temple. They had administrative authority and presided over important Temple
    functions and were probably leaders in the Sanhedrin
    Chief Priest
  14. Having to do with the branch of
    theology called Christology. Christology is the study of the person and life of
    Jesus Christ, his ministry, and his mission.
  15. :  The act, required by Jewish law, of removing
    the foreskin of the penis. Since the time of Abraham, it has been a sign of
    God’s Covenant relationship with the Jewish people.
  16. merciful
  17. The tendency of all human beings
    toward sin, as a result of Original Sin.
  18. An alliance of tribes or nations
    with no central authority.
  19. The “interior voice" of a
    person, a God-given sense of the law of God. It leads people to
    understand themselves as responsible for their actions, and prompts them to do
    good and avoid evil. To make good judgments, one needs to have one that is well-formed.
  20. Something that can be spoiled or
    contaminated or made rotten, especially to be made morally perverted.
  21. A story that explains something’s
    cause or origin.
  22. Also called the Mass or Lord’s Supper, and based
    on a word for “thanksgiving,” it is the central Christian liturgical
    celebration, established by Jesus at the Last Supper. In the it the
    sacrificial death and Resurrection of Jesus are both remembered and renewed.
    The term sometimes refers specifically to the consecrated bread and wine that
    have become the Body and Blood of Christ.
  23. Based on a word for “good news,” in
    general, anyone who actively works to spread the Gospel of Jesus; more commonly
    and specifically, the persons traditionally recognized as authors of the four
    Gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
  24. The study and proper interpretation
    of the Scriptures.
  25. The period of the Israelite captivity
    in Babylon after the destruction of Jerusalem in 587 BC.
    The Exile
  26. The act of freeing someone from demonic
    possession. They are also part of the Church’s worship and prayer life,
    calling on the name of Christ to protect us from the power of Satan.
  27. The act of atoning for sin or wrongdoing.
  28. :  Also called the Fall from grace, the biblical
    Revelation about the origins of sin and evil in the world, expressed
    figuratively in the account of Adam and Eve in Genesis.
    The Fall
  29. A literary form that uses symbolic
    images, stories, and names to point to a deeper truth.
    Figurative language
  30. To represent or prefigure a person
    before his or her life or an event before it occurs.
  31. Also called strength or courage, the
    virtue that enables one to maintain sound moral judgment and behavior in the
    face of difficulties and challenges; one of the four cardinal virtues.
  32. To kill one’s own brother or sister.
  33. A group of heretical religious movements that claimed salvation comes from secret knowledge available only to the elite initiated in that religion.
  34. The free and undeserved gift of God’s loving and
    active presence in our lives, empowering us to respond to his call and to live
    as his adopted sons and daughters. It restores our loving communion with the
    Holy Trinity, lost through sin.
  35. The dogma that Mary was conceived
    without Original Sin and remained free from personal sin throughout her entire
    Immaculate Conception
  36. From the Latin, meaning “to become
    flesh,” referring to the biblical Revelation that Jesus is both true God and
    true man.
  37. To introduce, establish, or inaugurate
  38. The culmination or goal of God’s plan of
    salvation, it is announced by the Gospel and present in Jesus
    Christ. The Kingdom is the reign or rule of God over the hearts of people and,
    as a consequence of that, the development of a new social order based on
    unconditional love. The fullness of it will not be realized until
    the end of time. Also called the Reign of God or the Kingdom of Heaven.
    Kingdom of God
  39. To focus strictly on what the law
    requires without considering the truth the law is intended to promote. Jesus
    taught that all law must be an expression of love for God and love for our
  40. An infectious disease resulting in numbness,
    paralysis, and physical deformities; also called Hansen’s disease. Effective
    treatment was not developed until the late 1930s.
  41. A form of biblical interpretation that considers
    the explicit meaning of the text. It lays the foundation for all other senses
    of the Scriptures
    Literal sense
  42. Different kinds of writing
    determined by their literary technique, content, tone, and purpose (how the
    author wants the reader to be affected).
    Literary forms (genres)
  43. The Church’s official, public,
    communal prayer. It is God’s work, in which the People of God participate. The
    Church’s most important one is the Eucharist, or the Mass.
  44. A government or a state headed by a
    single person, like a king or queen. As a biblical term, it refers to the
    period of time when the Israelites existed as an independent nation.
  45. An action so contrary to the will of God that it
    results in complete separation from God and his grace. As a consequence of that
    separation, the person is condemned to eternal death
    Mortal Sin
  46. The original state of human beings
    in their relationship with God, sharing in the divine life in full communion
    with him.
    Original holiness
  47. The state of complete harmony of our
    first parents with themselves, with each other, and with all of creation.
    Original Justice
  48. From the Latin origo, meaning “beginning” or “birth.” The term has two meanings:
    (1) the sin of the first human beings, who disobeyed God’s command by choosing
    to follow their own will and thus lost their original holiness and became
    subject to death, (2) the fallen state of human nature that affects every
    person born into the world.
    Original Sin
  49. A statement that seems contradictory
    or opposed to common sense and yet is true.
  50. The second coming of Christ at the
    end of time, fully realizing God’s plan and the glorification of humanity.
  51. The work of salvation accomplished by Jesus
    Christ mainly through his Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension
    Paschal Mystery
  52. The sufferings of Jesus during his final days in
    this life: his agony in the garden at Gethsemane, his trial, and his
    The Passion
  53. The night the Lord passed over the houses of the
    Israelites marked by the blood of the lamb, and spared the firstborn sons from
    death. It also is the feast that celebrates the deliverance of the Chosen
    People from bondage in Egypt and the Exodus from Egypt to the Promised Land.
  54. The father or leader of a tribe,
    clan, or tradition. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were the patriarchs of the
    Israelite people.
  55. The fiftieth day following Easter, which
    commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit on the early Apostles and disciples
  56. The belief in many gods
  57. The recognition of our deep need for
    God and the commitment to put God above everything else in life, particularly
    above the accumulation of material wealth.
    Poverty of Heart
  58. The time before the invention of
    writing and recording of historical data.
    Primeval History
  59. A word used to describe Roman governors. These
    men had administrative and legal authority over a province or region of the
    Roman Empire
  60. The first announcement of the Good
    News and promise of God’s redemptive love through the person of Jesus Christ.
  61. From the Latin redemptio, meaning “a
    buying back”; to redeem something is to pay the price for its freedom. In the
    Old Testament, it refers to Yahweh’s deliverance of Israel and, in the New
    Testament, to Christ’s deliverance of all Christians from the forces of sin.
    Christ our Redeemer paid the price to free us from the slavery of sin and bring
    about our it.
  62. Love that is willing to give
    everything, even one’s own life, for the sake of redeeming, saving, or setting
    free another person.
    Redemptive love
  63. Suffering willingly taken on for the good of
    Redemptive Suffering
  64. The deeper meaning that God reveals to us
    through historical events or texts; an interpretation of historical events or
    religious truth
  65. To be sinless and without guilt before God. Can
    also be used as a noun
  66. An efficacious and
    visible sign of God’s invisible grace, instituted by Christ. The Seven
    Sacraments are Baptism, the Eucharist, Confirmation, Penance and
    Reconciliation, Anointing of the Sick, Matrimony, and Holy Orders.
  67. The fallen angel or spirit of evil
    who is the enemy of God and a continuing instigator of temptation and sin in
    the world.
  68. Facts obtained and accessible
    through the scientific method.
    Scientific Truth
  69. Union of one’s heart and mind with
    all people. It leads to the just distribution of material goods, creates bonds
    between opposing groups and nations, and leads to the spread of spiritual goods
    such as friendship and prayer.
  70. Our spiritual principle, it is
    immortal, and it is what makes us most like God. It is created by God. It
    is the seat of human consciousness and freedom.
  71. A form of biblical interpretation that goes
    beyond the literal sense to consider what the realities and events of the
    Scriptures signify and mean for salvation.
    Spiritual Sense
  72. When the opposite ends of an
    equation or an event balance each other or have similar properties or characteristics.
  73. The chains of it refer to the
    infernal regions in Greek mythology, mentioned in Second Peter 2:4.
  74. God’s breaking into the human
    dimension so an individual's and community's understanding of God is deepened
    or changed.
  75. A Greek title for Mary meaning “God bearer"
  76. A Hebrew word meaning “law,” referring to the
    first five books of the Old Testament.
  77. This word (from the Latin, meaning
    “to hand on”) refers to the process of passing on the Gospel message.
    It began with the oral communication of the Gospel by the
    Apostles, was written down in the Scriptures, is handed down and lived out in
    the life of the Church, and is interpreted by the Magisterium under the
    guidance of the Holy Spirit.
  78.   A habitual and firm disposition to do good.