Medical Terminology.txt

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Medical Terminology.txt
2014-01-18 21:28:49

Medical Term
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  1. Myorrhexis
    The rupture or tearing of a muscle
  2. Myopathy
    Any pathologic change of disease of muscle tissue.
  3. Myelopathy
    Any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord.
  4. Mycosis
    Any abnormal conditions or disease caused by a fungus.
  5. Malaise
    A feeling of general discomfort, often the first indication of an infection or disease.
  6. Diarrhea
    Frequent flow or loose or watery stools.
  7. Colostomy
    The surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface.
  8. Edema
    Swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in cell tissues or cavities of the body.
  9. Arthralgia
    Pain in one or more joints.
  10. Arteriosclerosis
    Abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries.
  11. Appendectomy
    Surgical removal of the appendix.
  12. Angiography
    A radiographic study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium.
  13. Cyanosis
    Lack of oxygen in the blood.
  14. Erythrocyte
    Mature red blood cell.
  15. Leukocyte
    White blood cell
  16. Poliomyelitis
    Viral condition of the gray matter of the spinal cord.
  17. Neurorrhaphy
    Suturing together the end of a severed nerve.
  18. Tonsillitis
    Inflammation of the tonsils.
  19. Abdominocenteis
    The surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid.
  20. Trauma
    Wound or injury
  21. Triage
    The medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment.
  22. Gastralgia
    Pain the stomach.
  23. Gastritis
    Inflammation of the stomach lining.
  24. Gastroenteritis
    Inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the stomach and intestines.
  25. Gastrosis
    Any disease of the stomach.
  26. Viral
    Pertaining to a virus.
  27. Fissure
    A groove or crack-like sore of the skin; also normal folds in the contours of the brain.
  28. Fistula
    An abnormal passage between two internal organs or leading from an organ to the surface of the body.
  29. -itis
  30. -osis
    Abnormal condition, disease
  31. -ostomy
    The surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface.
  32. -sclerosis
    Abnormal hardening
  33. -otomy
    Cutting/Surgical incision
  34. -plasty
    Surgical repair
  35. -rrhage
    bleeding abnormal excessive fluid discharge
  36. -rrhaphy
    Surgical suturing
  37. -rrhea
    flow or dicharge
  38. -rrhexis
  39. -ectomy
    Surgical removal / cutting out
  40. -algia
    Pain, painful condition
  41. dys-
    Bad, difficult, or painful
  42. hyper-
    Excessive, increased
  43. hypo-
    deficient, decreased
  44. Hypotension
    lower than normal arterial blood pressure
  45. Hypertension
    The elevation of arterial blood pressure to a level that is likely to cause damage to the  cardiovascular system.
  46. Hepatomegaly
    Abnormal enlargement of the liver.
  47. Hemorrhage
    The loss of a large amount of blood in a short time.
  48. Laceration
    A torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut.
  49. Lesion
    A pathologic change of tissues due to disease or injury
  50. Infection
    Invasion of the body by a patogenic organism
  51. Inflammation
    A localized response to an injury or to the destruction of tissues.
  52. Pyoderma
    Any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impertigo.
  53. Pyrosis
    The burning sensation caused by the return of acidic stomach contents into the esophagus.
  54. Palpation
    An examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts.
  55. Palpitation
    A pounding or racing heart with or without irregularity in rhythm.
  56. Sign
    objective evidence of disease, such as a fever.
  57. Suppuration
    The formation or discharge of pus.
  58. Syndrome
    A set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process.
  59. Symptom
    Subjective evidence of a disease such as pain or headache.
  60. Remission
    Is the temporary, partial or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure.
  61. Pathology
    The study of all aspects of diseases.
  62. Interstitial
    Between, but not within, the parts of a tissue.
  63. Intramuscular
    Within the muscle.
  64. Otorhinoaryrgology
    Study of Ears, Nose, and Throat.
  65. Prognosis
    Is a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder.
  66. Supination
    Act of rotation the arm so the palm of the hand is forward or upward.
  67. Phalanges
    Bones of the fingers and toes.
  68. Supracostal
    Above or outside the ribs.